EARTH DAY, APRIL 22, 2019:
POPULATION GROWTH V. CLIMATE
Compiled by Dick Bennett for a Culture of Peace, Justice, and ECOLOGY
Google Search 4-19-19
Negative Population Growth
A Few Recent Books on the Climate Catastrophe
McKibben, Falter (2019)
Rich, Losing Earth (2019)
And on Population
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9 hours ago - Fifty years ago, in 1969 when astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon, the world's population was 3.6 billion; ...
Apr 11, 2019 - Please click the photo to view the ad as it appeared in these publications. EARTH DAY 2019. ENVIRONMENTAL MESSAGE TO AMERICA
The Theme of Earth Day 2019 (April 22) is Protect Our Species! ... growing at a rapid pace; by 2050 two thirds of the world's population will live in urban areas.
7.7 Billion (2019) The current world population is 7.7 billion as of April 2019 according to the most recent United Nations estimates elaborated by Worldometers.
By 2050, population is projected to reach 9.7 billion. ... about 80 million people per year, 200,000 per day, 9,000 per hour, 150 per minute and 2.5 every second.
Posted on February 1, 2019. Population Connection members made 2018 ... Celebrate Earth Day 2018 with Population Connection! Posted on April 20, 2018.
Would you like to raise awareness about population growth during Earth Day this year? If you have an hour or two, join other local Population Connection volunteers to inform your community about protecting ... Population Connection 2019.
Apr 8, 2019 - April 22, 2019, marks the 49th anniversary and 50th observance of Earth Day ― a day intended to inspire awareness and appreciation for the ...
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ORGANIZATIONS CONCERNED WITH STABILIZING POPULATION GROWTH
📣📣CALL TO ACTION🌎🌎
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Best Data-Centric Lesson Plans for Earth Day 2019
BY LINDSEY BAILEY | April 17, 2019
Earth Day is next week, April 22nd. PopEd wants to help you make the most out of this teachable moment by providing lesson plans that use relevant, real-world data while also emphasizing important environmental themes.
Data is an effective avenue for exploring a range of environmental issues, from climate change to habitat health to water use. The use of real-world data brings these issues to life, making abstract concepts more tangible and encouraging students to develop deep connections and thorough understandings. Not to mention that the use of data encourages critical thinking and analysis skills, both of which are emphasized in the NGSS and Common Core standards. So don’t miss out – these real-world data lessons are sure to be new favorites in your Earth Day resource library.
Three lesson plans for Earth Day that use real-world data
1. THE SIXTH EXTINCTION
In this high school biodiversity lesson, students analyze written articles, graphics, and numeric data to compare modern rates of extinction to background rates. It’s a great activity for APES!
The data connection: The numbers about extinction rates can be dizzying, but when students do their own calculations, they become more accessible and memorable. Viewing the data in visual format through charts and graphs allows for quick yet striking comparisons.
Why use it on Earth Day? This year’s Earth Day theme is “Protect Our Species.” Scientists assert that we are now in the middle of a Sixth Mass Extinction because of human activities. The observed extinction rate is between 1,000 and 10,000 times the background rate with as much as 50 percent of all species headed toward extinction by 2050. Humans are irrevocably damaging the delicate web of life that we so critically depend on, and awareness plays a key role in species protection.
2. WASTE A- WEIGH
This elementary level lab activity has students collect their own data on both individual and whole-class lunchtime waste. By weighing their waste every day for a week while implementing new waste-reduction habits like reusable containers and non-plastic utensils, students see how a change in behavior can have an immediate positive impact.
The data connection: What’s more real-world than collecting data about your own life? When students collect their own stats, they not only get practice with data collection and recording methods, but also become engaged in authentic learning and problem solving.
Why use it on Earth Day? According to the EPA, the average American generates almost 4.5 pounds of trash per day. While about one-third of that gets recycled, the rest ends up in landfills where it can leak toxic chemicals into the surrounding soil or water supply. Reducing waste is the most effective way to combat our outsized waste footprint.
3. MEAT OF THE MATTER
In this hands-on middle school lesson, students graph global meat consumption, use manipulatives to explore the environmental impact of four different types of protein, and discuss the pros and cons of a shifting global diet.
The data connection: Sometimes looking at data in a new format is key to understanding it. In this lesson, students use a grid and colored bingo chips to display data on various proteins’ impacts on water, land, and the atmosphere. This lesson is a great entry point for discussing the pros and cons of various types of data illustrations.
Why use it on Earth Day? Meat production is an incredibly resource-intensive process. It takes approximately 1800 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of beef and 33 percent of all cropland is used to farm grains, fruits and vegetables for livestock. Decreasing consumption of animal-based foods can have a significant positive impact on the planet.
For the next couple of months, PopEd will continue to share classroom resources and lesson plans that highlight the use of relevant data from the world around us. Follow us on Facebook or Twitter OR search #PopEdRealData and #PopEdTheme to stay in touch and get exclusive access to a slew of engaging lessons!
Image credits: Graph: “Accelerated modern human-induced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction” by Gerardo Ceballos, Paul R. Ehrlich, Anthony D. Barnosky, Andrés García, Robert M. Pringle, and Todd M. Palmer. Science Advances, Volume 1(5):e1400254, 19 June 2015; Waste bins in cafeteria: Portland Public Schools; Cows: Climatenexus.org
This Earth Day, Save the Planet: Eat more plants!
BY HANNAH EVANS, POPULATION CONNECTION
Posted on April 18, 2019
April 22, 2019, will mark the United States’ 49th anniversary of Earth Day—an annual celebration of the planet’s natural beauty and a call to action for environmental conservation. While publications and news reports continue to warn us about the vital importance of governments addressing global climate change, you might be wondering how best to approach environmental conservation as an individual. This Earth Day, we invite you to learn more about the benefits of plant-based diets.
Raising livestock = bad news for the environment
Did you know that animal agriculture is a leading driver of deforestation, habitat loss, ocean acidification, species extinction, water pollution, water use, topsoil erosion, and desertification? Industrialized agriculture, which is central to the world economy, has resulted in such large-scale environmental degradation and unsustainable resource use that former Energy Secretary and Nobel Prize winning physicist Steven Chu has deemed it “worse for the climate than dirty energy.” In a recent talk at the University of Chicago, Chu argued, “If cattle and dairy cows were a country, they would have more greenhouse gas emissions than the entire EU 28.” Indeed, estimates have shown that 51% of the world’s carbon emissions are attributed to livestock.
If you aren’t familiar with this information already, it might seem somewhat difficult to believe. How can animal agriculture be worse for the environment than everything else? The answer is that the processes required to sustain agricultural production on an industrial scale are extensive and extremely resource-intensive. For example, 80-90% of the water consumed in the United States is used for animal agriculture, and researchers at Cornell University have shown that producing one pound of animal protein is actually 100 times more water intensive than producing one pound of vegetable protein. For reference, one pound of beef requires 1,800 gallons of water!
Animal agriculture has also resulted in large-scale land conversion, including the clearing of forests to grow feed crops and to provide grazing land for livestock. The widespread use of pesticides, herbicides, and chemical fertilizers used mainly to grow feed for animals only adds to the damage. These processes disrupt natural ecosystems and contribute to habitat destruction, species extinction, and waste production on a massive scale. According to one of the authors of a recent UN report, “animal products cause more damage than [producing] construction minerals such as sand or cement, plastics or metals. Biomass and crops for animals are as damaging as [burning] fossil fuels.”
Plant-based diets can help save the planet
The push amongst the scientific community for a global shift towards a vegan diet is also reflective of the world’s rapidly growing population, which is set to reach over 9 billion people by 2050. Scientists warn that ‘western’ diets rich in meat and dairy are inherently unsustainable—so much so that a “global shift towards a vegan diet” is necessary to prevent imminent threats such as world hunger, poverty, and some of the major impacts of climate change.
Keegan Kuhn, filmmaker and co-director of “Cowspiracy,” says, “Nothing short of a global shift to a vegan diet will work. The idea that we as a human population can continue to eat animals in any real capacity simply isn’t looking at the whole picture of global depletion.” So this Earth Day, use your power as a consumer to affect real, positive environmental change.
Interested in learning more about environmental conservation, veganism, and population dynamics? Join Population Connection at Berkeley’s Vegan Earth Day celebration on April 21! We will be hosting an informational table from 10AM-5PM, and PHE Specialist Hannah Evans will be presenting on the connections between population growth, access to health care, and environmental sustainability. More details can be found here. We hope you can make it!
Not local to the Bay Area? Click here for a list of Population Connection Earth Day events in your area.
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From March 29th-April 1st, 350 activists stormed D.C. to speak out against Trump’s Global Gag Rule, and to urge their elected officials to support the Global HER Act. . . . Student activists and Population Connection members and supporters from across the country gathered for this weekend of learning about the impact of U.S. policy on real lives abroad and the international effort to halt the damage of Trump's Global Gag Rule. [Gag Rule = censorship of information and education about contraception = population increase = CO2 increase. –D] Crowds gathered at the #Fight4HER rally in Layfayette Square
CAPITOL HILL DAYS 2019
One of the many highlights of the weekend was hearing from historian and writer Cynthia Greenlee, who presented a fascinating keynote address about the activists who have gone before us. She stressed that "we should take hope there will be a different future." Armed with resources about how best to #Fight4HER, we’re looking forward to this tremendous group of activists leading the #Fight4HER through the remainder of 2019 and beyond. . . . At the lobby day following the weekend, student and veteran advocates swarmed the Capitol, meeting with
more than 150 Senate and House offices. Senators and Representatives were asked to support the Global HER Act to repeal the Global Gag Rule, to increase funding for international family planning programs, and to restore U.S. support for the United Nations
Population Fund (UNFPA).
SCIENTISTS REVEAL URGENCY
Bill McKibben. FALTER: Has the Human Game Begun to Play Itself Out? Henry Holt, 2019. 304. Publisher’s comment:
Thirty years ago Bill McKibben offered one of the earliest warnings about climate change. Now he broadens the warning: the entire human game, he suggests, has begun to play itself out.
Bill McKibben’s groundbreaking book The End of Nature -- issued in dozens of languages and long regarded as a classic -- was the first book to alert us to global warming. But the danger is broader than that: even as climate change shrinks the space where our civilization can exist, new technologies like artificial intelligence and robotics threaten to bleach away the variety of human experience.
Falter tells the story of these converging trends and of the ideological fervor that keeps us from bringing them under control. And then, drawing on McKibben’s experience in building 350.org, the first truly global citizens movement to combat climate change, it offers some possible ways out of the trap. We’re at a bleak moment in human history -- and we’ll either confront that bleakness or watch the civilization our forebears built slip away.
Falter is a powerful and sobering call to arms, to save not only our planet but also our humanity.
Falter is a powerful and sobering call to arms, to save not only our planet but also our humanity.
“[An] unsettling look at the prospects for human survival. . . . Readers open to inconvenient and sobering truths will find much to digest in McKibben’s eloquently unsparing treatise.” —Publishers Weekly(starred review)
“A compelling call for change.” —Kirkus Reviews
Nathaniel Rich. LOSING EARTH: A Recent History.
Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2018. 224pp.
By 1979, we knew nearly everything we understand today about climate change—including how to stop it. Over the next decade, a handful of scientists, politicians, and strategists, led by two unlikely heroes, risked their careers in a desperate, escalating campaign to convince the world to act before it was too late. Losing Earth is their story, and ours.
The New York Times Magazine devoted an entire issue to Nathaniel Rich’s groundbreaking chronicle of that decade, which became an instant journalistic phenomenon—the subject of news coverage, editorials, and conversations all over the world. In its emphasis on the lives of the people who grappled with the great existential threat of our age, it made vivid the moral dimensions of our shared plight.
Now expanded into book form, Losing Earth tells the human story of climate change in even richer, more intimate terms. It reveals, in previously unreported detail, the birth of climate denialism and the genesis of the fossil fuel industry’s coordinated effort to thwart climate policy through misinformation propaganda and political influence. The book carries the story into the present day, wrestling with the long shadow of our past failures and asking crucial questions about how we make sense of our past, our future, and ourselves.
Bridle, James. New Dark Age: Technology, Knowledge, and the End of the Future. Verso, 2018. The warming and changing climate “shakes not merely our expectations for our digital culture, but our ability to predict any future at all.”
Peter Carter & Elizabeth Woodworth. Unprecedented Crime: Climate Science Deniers and Game Changers for Survival. 2018. Leaders of fossil fuel industry and their political enablers should be prosecuted for crimes against humanity.
A Few older books.
O’Neill, Brian, et al. Population and Climate Change. Cambridge UP, 2001. An “exhaustive examination of the technical interactions of climate change and population growth” (Firor and Jacobsen 227).
John Firor and Judith Jacobsen. The Crowded Greenhouse: Population, Climate Change, and Creating a Sustainable World. Yale UP, 2002.
Although they anticipate little possibility of stopping climate change, they are charged with “great joy” because they “will not give up,” for although the world’s population, temperature, and climate changes are increasing, humans have made progress since their origin, and we should celebrate that. They invite us all to dance “in the crowded greenhouse that we wish to change” (204).
Alan Weisman, Countdown: Can We Finally Have a Serious Talk About Population? 2013.
EARTH DAY 2017
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