Thursday, June 4, 2015




Compiled by Dick Bennett for a Culture of Peace, Justice, and Ecology.

What’s at stake:

If climate change is the planet's no. 1 danger, nuclear weapons, once no. 1, are now no. 2.    Tuesday,  June 2, 2015 was NUCLEAR ABOLITION DAY, when the many anti-nuclear organizations pushed for action, from the United Nations to the “Golden Rule.”   But they are insufficient against the massive US National Security State.  (See Michael Glennon, National Security and Double Government, describing the uncontrolled security network.)   The people in mass must work and push.   OMNI must not be composed of isolated atom-individuals but individuals cooperating together for change.  Therefore we need to be informed about the peace movement and be able to communicate with each other and the movement.   OMNI IS A PART OF A GLOBAL PEACE AND JUSTICE AND ECOLOGY MOVEMENT   And asking people to donate financially is part of that mutuality by which we hold to hope.  Each of us, each member of OMNI, is equally responsible for peace, justice, and the environment.   Yes?    

Here is the link to all OMNI newsletters   For a knowledge-based peace, justice, and ecology movement and an informed citizenry as the foundation for change. 

Here is the link to the Index:



OMNI’s NATIONAL/INTERNATIONAL DAYS PROJECT for seven years has celebrated all nonviolent DAYS and reproved all that promoted violence.   The project ends this year 2015, but other newsletters continue.  For example, see:  Nuclear Weapons Abolition Newsletters



Contents 2012, 2013 at end

Contents Nuclear Abolition Day, June 2, 2015
Abolition Organizations
United Nations
   Disarmament Agency (UNODA)
   Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
   International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons
Peace and Planet
International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA_)
Nuclear Age Peace Foundation (NAPF)
Women’s Action for New Directions (WAND)
Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
Ground Zero (Poulsbo, WA, Triton submarines)
Nevada Desert Experience
Global Zero
Marshall Islands Nuclear Zero Lawsuit
The “Golden Rule” Sails Again

Nuclear Dangers

Joseph Gerson, Failure of NPT Conference
Gerson, Obama Admin. Sabotaged the Conference
Mainstream Media Uninterested
Accidental Explosions: 
Bordeaux, Two Nukes Nearly Detonated 1961

Organizations Monitoring and Opposing Nuclear Weapons

UNITED NATIONS NUCLEAR WEAPONS, Google Search, June 4, 2015, Page One, First 3 entries

1.   UNODA - Nuclear Weapons Home - the United Nations
United Nations
Nuclear weapons are the most dangerous weapons on earth. One can destroy a whole city, potentially killing millions, and jeopardizing the natural environment ...

Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones

The establishment of Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones (NWFZ) is ...

Secretary-General's five point

The Secretary-General's five point proposal on nuclear ...


The NPT is a landmark international treaty whose ...


Demarcation of nuclear-weapon-free zones, nuclear-weapon ...

2.   Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons - Main ...
United Nations
The issue of the prevention of the wider dissemination of nuclear weapons was ... The NPT contains out 11 articles that apply to both nuclear-weapon States ... on disarmament since the early days of the United Nations, it was not until 17 ...

3.   International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons
United Nations
Achieving global nuclear disarmament is one of the oldest goals of the United Nations. It was the subject of the General Assembly's first resolution in 1946.

Peace and Planet, Google Search, June 3, 2015, Page One First 2 entries

1.   Peace & Planet | Mobilization for a Nuclear-Free, Peaceful ...
Endorse Peace & Planet. List your organization as a supporter of the Mobilization for a Nuclear-Free, Peaceful, Just, and Sustainable World ...

International Conference

International Peace & Planet Conference a Nuclear-Free ...


All workshops were held during two sessions on Saturday, April ...

April 26 Mobilization

Schedule for April 26 Mobilization, New York City 11am-12:30pm ...

Get Involved!

Here are some ways you can get involved in the Mobilization:.

Conference Program

Registration for the Conference is now open! International Peace ...

Interfaith Convocation

The Interfaith Convocation, held at the Tillman Chapel at the UN ...

2.   Peace & Planet | Facebook
Peace & Planet. 1924 likes · 33 talking about this. @PeaceAndPlanet Mobilization for a Nuclear-Free, Peaceful, Just, & Sustainable World.

International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA),

Google Search, April 25, 2015

  IALANA: Home
For the NPT Review Conference 2015 IALANA prepared a special newspaper. Among others, it includes articles on the RMI Nuclear Zero Cases, 70 years after ...

  Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy -
The elimination of nuclear weapons through negotiation of an international ... A non-profit educational association of lawyers and legal scholars. Partners .... UN Office of theInternational Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA).

  John Burroughs - Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy
He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Arms Control Association, ... U.N.: the International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA), the ...

  International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms ...
The International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA) aims to reduce the international legitimacy of the use and threat of use of nuclear ...

  International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms
Member Name: International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear ArmsAbreviation: IALANA Web: Email:

SUNFLOWER Issue #214 - May 2015
Follow David Krieger on twitter
Click here or on the image above to follow NAPF President David Krieger on Twitter.
·  Perspectives
o    Hubris Versus Wisdom by David Krieger
o    Why Are We Planning to Walk across the DMZ? by Mairead Maguire
o    How to Avert a Nuclear War by James Cartwright and Vladimir Dvorkin
o    Statement of Principle in Support of the Lausanne Agreement
·  Nuclear Zero Lawsuits
o    Marshall Islands to U.S.: Keep Your NPT Promises
o    Marshall Islands Delivers Strong Message to NPT Review Conference
·  Missile Defense
o    Failed Missile Defense Programs Cost $10 Billion
·  Nuclear Insanity
o    Close Call During Cuban Missile Crisis
o    Nuclear Weapon Transporter Has Anger Management Issues
·  Nuclear Proliferation
o    U.S. Reveals It Has Known About Israel's Nuclear Program for Over 50 Years
o    Pension Fund Blacklists Boeing for Work on Nuclear Weapons
·  Peace
o    Women's Power to Stop War
o    40th Anniversary of the End of the Vietnam War
·  Resources
o    NPT News In Review
o    This Month in Nuclear Threat History
o    Filling the Legal Gap
o    Worldwide Nuclear Modernization Programs
·  Foundation Activities
o    NAPF at the NPT Review Conference
o    Swackhamer Disarmament Video Contest Winners
o    Paul Chappell Speaks at Site of the Dayton Peace Accords
o    Peace Poetry Awards: Deadline July 1
·  Quotes




·         About WAND»
·         Events & Trainings»
·         Mother’s Day
·         Our Issues»
·         Resources»
·         WAND Contact
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May 20, 2015 • Category: Budget PrioritiesNuclear Weapons
Democrats Revolt Over the Pentagon Slush Fund by Erica Fein, WAND Nuclear Weapons Policy Director Last week, the U.S. House of Representatives considered H.R. 1735, the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal year (FY) 2016. In total, 360 amendments were submitted; 135 amendments were considered on the House floor; 121 amendments were passed either […]
Recent Stories
Connect With Us!
Get Involved!

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·         Contact
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On June 3, 2015 By WILPF International
WILPF ONLINE social-media-RSS
Founded in 1915
Two Nobel Peace Prize winners within its history
National Sections in 30 countries
Thousands of members world-wide 

Ground Zero
Ground Zero Center for Nonviolent Action
·         HomeBottom of Form
Welcome to Ground Zero Center for Nonviolent Action
Ground Zero offers the opportunity to explore the meaning and practice of nonviolence from a perspective of deep spiritual reflection, providing a means for witnessing to and resisting all nuclear weapons.
Thank you for your interest in Ground Zero Center for Nonviolent Action and the nonviolent resistance of Nuclear Weapons, especially Trident.
We are sorry for the inconvenience. This site is undergoing changes.
If you would like to know more about Ground Zero Center or nonviolent resistance to Nuclear Weapons, you can visit any of the links below.
Other Available Links
Upcoming events: 
May 9 @ 9:00 am - 5:00 pm
2.    Peace Walk
July 26 - August 9
3.    Peace Fleet
July 29
August 6

1.   Nevada Desert Experience, Google Search June 4, 2015, Page One first entry
Work in the area of the Nevada Test Site to end nuclear weapons testing and cancel all "hypocritical" subcritical experimental explosions.
1420 W Bartlett Ave, Las Vegas, NV 89106
(702) 646-4814

Programs & Events

Home · Issues · Programs & Events · Get ... NDE & Solidarity Events ...

Creech 14

Civil Resistance with The CREECH 14. Ground the ...

Sacred Peace Walk

NDE's 2015 Sacred Peace Walk 28 March ... the community of ...

Predators & Reapers

Predators and Reapers are remotely controlled, hunter-killer ...

About us

The mission of Nevada Desert Experience (NDE) is • to stop ...

Sacred Peace Walk 2014

We walk in the footsteps of a long legacy of peace walkers ...

1.   Global Zero: Take Action, Google Search, June 4, 2015
Global Zero
There are more than 17000 nuclear weapons in nine countries. Each one is a catastrophe waiting to happen. WORLD WITHOUT WAR

A Guide To Survival For the 21st Century And Beyond

Welcome To World Without War.
War is a dated concept we need to grow beyond.  Let's declare War illegal and make it a crime.  Peaceful resolution of conflict through mandatory negotiation is the future, our next evolutionary step.  A world without war, a world at peace is really the only practical option.  We have to think our way out of the dangerous situations we have created and build a peaceful future for us all.  The spread of weapons of mass destruction makes this essential.   Our growing sense of environmental ethics, enlightened negotiation and global communication are the keys to creating a world without war.  This is our highest responsibility.  Please join in a worldwide community effort to free us all from the winds of war.    

Our Mission
To Make War Illegal.
To create a world without war, a long range peaceful future for us all.
Please feel free to print this short book by clicking on the Print this Site/Book link on the left, which will open a pdf file.
A good idea will have a life of its own.  Let's make war illegal and finally give peace a chance!

Contact Information
        World Without War

On April 24th,
The Marshall Islands filed landmark cases in the International Court of Justice and U.S. Federal District Court. 
The Claim:
The nine nuclear-armed nations have failed to comply with their obligations, under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty and customary international law, to pursue negotiations for the worldwide elimination of nuclear weapons.
They act for the seven billion of us who live on this planet to end the nuclear weapons threat hanging over all humanity.
Take a Stand 
World leaders need to know it's the will of the people to reach Nuclear Zero.

Be a hero for Nuclear Zero and add your voice today. 
Nuclear weapons threaten everything we love and treasure in this world. To protect humanity’s future, we support the Marshall Islands, a small island nation that is courageously seeking to enforce the Nuclear Zero promise - a world free of nuclear weapons.

That is why we call upon the nuclear weapon nations to urgently fulfill their moral duty and legal obligation to begin negotiations for complete nuclear disarmament.

Zero is the only safe number of nuclear weapons on the planet.
Top of Form
Bottom of Form
The Nine Nuclear-Armed Nations
Five are parties to the NPT
·         United States
·         Russia
·         United Kingdom
·         France
·         China
Four are not parties to the NPT but violate 
·         Israel
·         India
·         Pakistan
·         North Korea
The numbers don’t lie
 nuclear weapons between them.
$100 billion 
spent every year on nuclear forces globally.
negotiations for worldwide disarmament. 
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
The NPT prevents the proliferation of nuclear weapons and obligates nations to negotiate for global disarmament.
The treaty entered into force in 1970 and 190 countries have signed it 
the most signatories of any arms control agreement.
Good faith
Article VI of the NPT
“Each of the Parties to the treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.”
Gone bad
The Nuclear-Armed Nations
·         Are actively planning for nuclear weapon deployment at least through the end of the 21st century.
·         Continue to invest in modernizing their nuclear arsenals.
·         Ignore multilateral forums that discuss the need to ban and eliminate nuclear weapons.
years later there are still no negotiations in sight
The Unkept Promise 
The Nuclear Zero Lawsuits challenge the nine nuclear-armed nations to keep their legal and moral obligations.

Golden Rule to Sail Again - "Splashdown" on June 20th.
From Veterans for Peace, May 22, 2015.
The historic Golden Rule antinuclear protest boat will set sail again, continuing its journey for peace and nuclear disarmament.  In 1958 four Quaker activists attempted to sail the Golden Rule into the seas around the Marshall Islands, in order to halt U.S. nuclear atmospheric testing.  They were stopped and arrested in Hawaii and spent time in jail, but news of their quest went around the world, inspiring others to act.  The 1958 voyage of the Golden Rule is credited with helping to achieve the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963, which banned nuclear testing in the air, underwater and outer space.  <More>



Peace & Planet via 

May 26 (9 days ago)
to me

As I trust many of you know, the Review Conference failed to agree on a consensus document last Friday night, leading to the failure of the conference.  With the nuclear powers opposing many of the provisions of the draft declaration, it is an open question whether or not consensus could have been reached. But it was the U.S. refusal to agree to a conference to prepare the ground for a Middle East Nuclear Weapons and WMD-Free Zone that took the conference down.  It should be remembered that in 1995 the NPT was indefinitely extended on the condition that there be movement toward such a nuclear-free zone, a commitment reiterated in the 2000 and 2010 Review Conferences.

Despite the Review Conference’s failures we can build on the growing divide between the non-nuclear weapons states and the nuclear powers, and the progress that we made in building a broader and deeper issue-integrated movement.

        Peace & Planet will continue our movement building on the basis of the proposal adopted during the Abolition 2000 annual general meeting in early May. Next up is a workshop at the U.S. Social Forum in Philadelphia and building our movement from 70th anniversary events to the International Day of Peace and the International Day for the Complete Elimination of Nuclear Weapons in September. 
For your information you’ll find an article from Unfold Zero “The NPT Phoenix – Success from the ashes of failure” below.

THIS WEEK THERE ARE TWO SMALL ACTIONS THAT YOU CAN TAKE.  First, those of you who have yet to respond to our Peae & Planet evaluation, please take a few moments to do so. It will help us enormously.

Second, organizing an international conference, interfaith convocation, rally, march, festival and delivery of 8 million petition signatures to the Review Conference was an expensive proposition. We have a $14,000 deficit.  You can make a difference by donating whatever you can afford.

For a nuclear-free, peaceful, just and sustainable world,
Joseph Gerson
Nuclear disarmament initiatives may survive the failure of the 2015 NPT Review Conference.
United Nations forums could move them forward.
The States Parties to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty failed spectacularly to reach agreement on a final conference document on 22 May after four weeks of negotiations at the United Nations in New York. The failure masks the fact that some real gains were made during the course of the negotiations. This included a number of proposals in the draft final document that appeared to have found agreement by the NPT Parties. If acted upon, these proposals might be able to produce a phoenix from the ashes of the failed conference.
The conference collapsed on the Middle East issue. The United States, UK, Canada and possibly some others could not accept a  call for the United Nations to convene a conference in March 2016 on establishing a Middle East zone free of nuclearweapons and other weapons of mass destruction. Their objection arose because it has not yet been possible to secure agreement by Israel to participate in such a conference. According to the UN guidelines on establishing nuclear-weapon-free zones, they should be arrived at freely by the States in the region.

UN Security Council meets with Phoenix mural behind
On the other hand, the establishment of such a zone was a core part of the agreement in 1995 to extend the NPT indefinitely, and was a vital part of the agreements of the 2000 and 2010 NPT Review Conferences. Progress on this issue is important to all States Parties to the NPT, and especially to the Arab countries and Iran. They perceive Israel’s undeclarednuclear weapons program as threatening their security and undermining the nuclear non-proliferation regime. Indeed,  the Arab countries and Iran are required to accept NPT verification and compliance measures as non-nuclear States, while Israel – a State believed to be nuclear armed - is exempt from these. This is seen as a double standard and discriminatory. 
The collapse of the NPT Review Conference over the Middle East nuclear weapon free zone (NWFZ) issue is, therefore, very serious. However, it has not appeared to derail the warming relationship between Iran and the six power countries (Chiba, France, Germany, Russia, UK and the US) which have succeeded in an interim agreement on the control and verification of Iran’s nuclear energy program. Indeed, when the US and UK announced on May 22 their unwillingness to support a 2016 conference on a Middle East NWFZ, Iran did not immediately condemn these countries for their double standards. Instead, Iran called for a suspension of the NPT Review conference to allow further negotiations to try to reach a compromise. Although unsuccessful, this sign of good faith from Iran bodes well for the continued negotiations with the six powers, who aim to reach a final deal with Iran.
The proposal to hold a UN conference on a Middle East NWFZ in 2016 regardless of whether Israel will join is not necessarily dead. It could be taken up by the UN General Assembly, a forum which unlike the NPT, does not always operate by consensus. However, to move ahead without agreement of Israel and without the support of all NPT Parties could weaken the conference, turning it into a grandstanding event, and possibly reducing further the likelihood of Israel joining any process to establish such a zone.  
There were a number of other developments at the NPT Review Conference that could make a breakthrough in multilateral negotiations for global nuclear disarmament. Such negotiations have been blocked in the Conference on Disarmament (CD) for nearly 20 years. The developments include the increased support for the Austria Pledge (now re-named the Humanitarian Pledge), a shift in focus from the CD to the United Nations as a whole to advance nucleardisarmament initiatives, and a general agreement (paragraph 154 (19) of the NPT draft outcome document) to establish  aUN Open Ended Working Group on nuclear disarmament.
The Humanitarian Pledge, announced by Austria at the end of the Vienna Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of NuclearWeapons in December 2014, includes a commitment to ‘close the legal gap’ to prohibit and eliminate nuclear weapons. During the course of the NPT review Conference the number of countries endorsing the pledge increased from 65  to over 100. This elevates the political commitment to nuclear disarmament by those States signing. It also provides flexibility on the options for the legal gap to be filled, in order to ensure a critical mass and maximum effectiveness on which-ever legal instrument or instruments are negotiated.

Austria, along with members of the New Agenda Coalition (Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand and South Africa), emphasised that the pledge is not a specific call for a ban treaty (that could be negotiated without waiting for the nuclear-armed States). Rather, the NAC submitted aworking paper outlining a range of options. These include a nuclear weapons convention (i.e. a treaty which includes all nuclear-armed States), a framework agreement, a ban treaty (as an interim measure), or a hybrid arrangement including a range of measures.
Another group of countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine) submitted a proposal for the pursuit of a range of ‘building blocks’ toward a nuclear weapon free world. UNIDIR and the International Law and Policy Institute (ILPI) advanced ideas in this proposal further in a research paper on Effective Measures: Builders and Blockers. A key point in the paper is that 'States have different roles to play to complete the nucleardisarmament puzzle' and can therefore focus on different 'building blocks' in a complementary fashion.
Previous NPT Review Conferences have tasked the Conference on Disarmament to negotiate nuclear disarmament steps and/or a comprehensive agreement on nucleardisarmament. However, the CD which operates by consensus has been blocked from undertaking any such negotiations for nearly 20 years. At the 2015 NPT review Conference there was a shift towards advancing nuclear disarmament in the full range of UN disarmament bodies. This was promoted by a number of groups including the Nordic Five (see recommendation 15 of the working paper of  Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden), and was included in the draft final outcome document.
Indeed, there was a call in the document for the UN General Assembly (UNGA) to re-establish an Open Ended Working Group (OEWG) to develop effective measures (legal and other) for the achievement and maintenance of a nuclear-weapon-free world. Civil society groups including theInternational Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms and UNFOLD ZERO, promoted the re-establishment of an OEWG at the NPT Conference, and will now focus on getting this agreed at the UNGA in October. If such a body is established by the UNGA, it could provide a forum to discuss the options outlined by the NAC and Building Blocks groups, find common ground between them and pave the way for actual negotiations.
Cuba has proposed that such negotiations should aim to draft a comprehensive nuclear abolition treaty (nuclear weaponsconvention) ready for adoption at the UN High Level Conference which will be held no later than 2018. Ireland, in its concluding statement at the NPT Review Conference, indicated that, regardless of the NPT Conference outcome, the New Agenda Coalition would continue developing the options outlined in their working papers.
Nuclear disarmament initiatives are also moving ahead in otherUN bodies. The Marshall Islands has launched a case against the nuclear armed States in the International Court of Justice on implementation of their nuclear disarmament obligation. Marshall Islands, which was very active in the 2015 NPT Review Conference, is calling on the Court to instruct the nuclear weapon States to initiate multilateral negotiations for anuclear weapons convention within one year of the court’s judgement.
UNFOLD ZERO was also promoting other UN-based nuclear disarmament initiatives at the NPT Review Conference, including a proposal for the UN Security Council and UNGA to affirm the illegality of the targeting of populated areas with nuclear weapons.
The International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on September 26 will provide a good opportunity to build public awareness, elevate the nuclear disarmament issue up the political ladder and publicise these initiatives at the United Nations.
Other civil society coalitions involved in the NPT Review Conference are joining UNFOLD ZERO to focus on September 26 and the United Nations as a key opportunity to take forward nuclear abolition proposals. These include Peace and Planet and Global Wave, which presented a nuclear abolition petition signed by over 7 million people to the Conference, organised a huge rally and march in New York and inspiring actions in more than 50 other countries.
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Article: Obama Administration Sabotages Nuclear Nonproliferation Conference

Joseph Gerson - American Friends Service Committee via 
May 27 (8 days ago)
to me
 Obama Administration Sabotages Nuclear Nonproliferation Conference
Wednesday, 27 May 2015 00:00By Joseph Gerson, Truthout | Op-Ed
I mean you must take living so seriously that, 
even when you are seventy, you must plant olive trees, 
not because you think they will be left to your children,
because you don't believe in death although you are afraid of it 
because, I mean, life weighs heavier. 
        - Nazim Hikmet, "On Living"

So much for President Obama's commitment to a nuclear-weapons-free world.
With its decision on May 22 to block the adoption of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Review Conference's consensus statement, the Obama administration gave the human species another hefty push toward nuclear catastrophe, shaking the foundations of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT).
Why the sabotage? Well, for one thing, the draft text had the temerity to call for the convening of a conference within six months to prepare the way for a Middle Eastnuclear-weapons-and-weapons-of-mass-destruction-free zone. It called for all parties to the NPT Review - read especially the United States - to fulfill previous Review Conferences' promises to begin the process of creating the zone.
1. The P5 are the five permanent members of the UNSecurity Council, each of which is a nuclear weapons state: the United States, Russia, Britain, France and China.
Copyright, Truthout. May not be reprinted without permission.
Joseph Gerson is director of the American Friends Service Committee's peace and economic justice program and co-convener of Peace and Planet.
Like us on Facebook and Follow us on Twitter!
Donate to Peace & Planet



Nuclear test, NevadaThis week on CounterSpin: Nuclear weapons generate a lot of media interest when it comes to the question of whether Iran is trying to get them, but when the topic is eliminating nuclear weapons altogether, as at the now concluding UN meetings on the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, media could hardly care less. We’ll talk about the NPT with Alice Slater from the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation and Abolition 2000.



Declassified report: Two nuclear bombs nearly detonated in North Carolina

By Emma Lacey-Bordeaux, CNN
updated 7:58 PM EDT, Thu June 12, 2014
(CNN) -- On a January night in 1961, a U.S. Air Force bomber broke in half while flying over eastern North Carolina. From the belly of the B-52 fell two bombs -- two nuclear bombs that hit the ground near the city of Goldsboro.
A disaster worse than the devastation wrought in Hiroshima and Nagasaki could have befallen the United States that night. But it didn't, thanks to a series of fortunate missteps.
Declassified documents that the National Security Archive released this week offered new details about the incident. The blaring headline read: "Multi-Megaton Bomb Was Virtually 'Armed' When It Crashed to Earth."
Or, as Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara put it in back then, "By the slightest margin of chance, literally the failure of two wires to cross, a nuclear explosion was averted." ........

(there was the fictional account of an accidental bombing 3 yrs later, called Fail-Safe 


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Dick's Wars and Warming KPSQ Radio Editorials (#1-48)

Dick's Wars and Warming KPSQ Radio Editorials (#1-48)