Monday, August 5, 2013


Sent to WS and Blog

Preparation of this newsletter began in 2010 and resumed in 2013.  I would be happy if somebody else would be the editor.   Whereas #1 concentrates on the realities of warming in relation to the populations of the world, #2 might focus on mitigation and adaptation.--Dick

My blog:
War Department/Peace Department

For a knowledge-based peace, justice, and: ecology movement and an informed citizenry as the foundation for change.

Contents #1
Dick, Climate Refugees and Arkansas
Washington County Emergency Planning

Local/Global:  Marshallese

Book: Climate Refugees (2010)
70 Million More
More Books
Ward, The Flooded Earth
Dyer, Climate Wars
And more
     Climate Refugees (2010)
      Weather Report (2007)
D’Lorah, Legal Aspects of Disappearing Island Nations
CC Disrupting Food System

Google Search:  IRO, UNHCR
Fleeing Afghans and Iraqis, Where They Go


[I wrote this in 2010, but I think it is accurate enough for today.  –Dick]
It has already started.  It started a decade ago at least.
Climate refugees around the world are fleeing regions beset by violent storms, extreme temperatures, melting glaciers, spreading deserts, swelling oceans.
Environmental stress forced more than 25 million to migrate in 1998, according to the Red Cross, roughly the same number that fled armed conflict.
More than 70 million climate refugees exist in 2010.
New Zealand has agreed to accept all 11,000 of the citizens of the Pacific island of Tuvalu, which will be inundated.
Bangladesh refugees from drowning coastal land are moving to cities.  In 50 years the Bay of Bengal will likely cover 11% of Bangladesh’s land.
Much of below sea-level New Orleans remains ravaged from hurricane Katrina, and the city is sinking.  Many of that city’s refugees now live in Arkansas.  
Half of New York City’s 12 million could be engulfed by the ocean.
What is being done to stop the catastrophes resulting from climate change?    What in Arkansas?
Local and federal governments around the world seem paralyzed by clutching short-term goals, callous indifference to suffering of others, refusal to make hard choices, corporate and rich people’s money..  Officials so far have tallied the financial cost of acting to prevent warming and have chosen to do nothing.  But all must contribute financially  to the drastic reduction of CO2 if we are to prevent the worst from happening to our descendents in the long run (thousands of years), and all must contribute to the mitigation and adaptation to the immediate consequences of warming in the short run (the next fifty to one hundred years)..   

Being inland in the “Natural State” doesn’t absolve us from our responsibility for the planet, or save us from the consequences of inaction.  

What we can do in Arkansas for Climate Refugees.
Reduce our carbon footprint significantly.  But all of us chickens don’t have the same footprint.
Demand government and corporate officials, the big birds, the pollution pterodactyls, wake up to the urgent need to significantly reduce CO2, to cease greenwashing, and to prepare for the increasing number of climate refugees.  Don’t accept deceptive claims by government or corporate greenscammers that they are working for a “greener” world.  Ask them:  greener than what?  greener that will result in what?
Urge your senators and representatives (many of whom are stubbornly ignorant about warming) to support an international treaty to recognize and protect the refugee casualties from global warming.

Global warming is already upon us.  We can prevent the worst results however, if we finally face the truth and get massively to work, including preparing for the refugees.
Are your city and county ready?   Does your City and County Emergency Managers understand what is happening?   Have they read even one book about atmospheric warming?    Call them.  And call again.   Call your County Judge and Quorum Court members.   Call your Mayor and City Council members.  And call again.  –Dick

Early OMNI Stirrings

John Luther, Washington County Emergency Manager 444-1722,
Office: 105 Mill Ave.

Rick Johnson, Dep. Dir. Emerg. Management

8-5-13   Shelley, yesterday I might have referred to this office as a city office; it is county.   I spoke to Luther and Johnson in 2010 about climate displaced persons.   I just now spoke to Mr. Luther again, told him again about OMNI350, and said we would like to visit with him about the possible impacts of climate change on Washington County and to know about his office’s plans.   He said he would get back to me with suggested times one or more of us might visit.  

 [Following is one paragraph from an excellent, fact-filled  letter from Professor Boss on the increasing warming and consequent refugees written in 2010.     We have a beginning doctoral student [Donna Davis] in ENDY who wants to study the inevitable migration of the Marshallese as they abandon their atoll nation. Frank Farmer and I are co-directing her dissertation. The 'climate refugees' are an entirely new class of refugees for whom international laws are vague or non-existent. Not only will citizens of island nations be abandoning those places during this century, hundreds of millions of people in low elevation coastal zones will be forced to relocate as sea-level rises. It will be the largest human migration in history, and all those refugees will need to be accepted by someone. It's a nightmare.  Steve Boss

I love this idea. Attempting to address the issue of climate change refugees was the impetus for the "Full Circle" project that Donna, Kelly, myself and several others are involved in.
The forum could be another chance to raise funds for those climate change refugees (Kenya). The CCTF is planning to have a presence at the UofA and city Earth Days...I wonder if we could plan to have the forum the Saturday after Earth day. We could have this one at the OMNI Center. jp
Date: Wed, 17 Mar 2010 09:37:21 -0600
Shall CCTF plan a forum on Climate refugees?    This could dramatize the climate crisis in concrete human ways and the need for 350 PPM.  .  Maybe Robert would want to devote a no. of 350 PPM to it too at same time.    We could begin by visiting the asst. dir. of the local crisis management office.   Dick
Robert replied with a yes.  



The Pentagon already has plans for warming wars over food and water.  For example, because Turkey is controlling the Tigris and Euphrates at their sources,  Iraq would be at war with Turkey were not Iraq so dysfunctional.  The US Quadrennial Defense Review 2010 is the first QDR to evaluate warming’s threat to US security.  That is, the Bush admin. denied climate change while militarily preparing for it.     Mexican and Central American refugees will increase, so the likelihood of a Soviet Berlin Wall  across the US/Mex border is increasing.  –Dick  2010

--Collectif Argos.    Climate Refugees.  MIT P, 2010.   Orig. ed. In French , Refugies climatiques, 2007, and most of the data comes from the 4th IPCC Report of 2007 .     Stories and pictures document the phenomenon of populations displaced by climate change—homes, neighborhoods, livelihoods, and cultures lost.  The Inupiaq of Shishmaref on the northwest coast of Alaska must move, as “Alaska is getting warmer at an ever-quickening rate, with one of the fastest rising temperatures in the world.”   The inhabitants of flat southwest Bangladesh face increasing floods from glacial melt,  heavier monsoon rains, and the rising Bay of Bengal, which  acts as a brake on river flows and increases the salinity of the soil.   .Lake Chad has shrunk from 25,000 square kilometers to just 2,500, and now touches only two of its original four countries.  Other areas threatened by warming discussed in the book:   Maldives in Indian Ocean; northeast Germany along the North Sea; desertification in China west of Beijing; Polynesian Tuvalu; Nepal.   An important issue mentioned several times is the need to broaden the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) restrictive definition of refugees to include persons displaced by global warming.   --Dick

"There is also a whole new class of 'climate change refugees,' estimated at some 70 million worldwide."   P. 3 of Fellowship magazine (Winter 2010).   The magazine includes the article "Environmental Refugees: An African Perspective," on Chad's water shortage. --D

Peter D. Ward.   The Flooded Earth: Our Future In a World Without Ice Caps.   2010.   Three years after publication still a frightening account of coastal and even inland cities being inundated:  seas rising a massive three feet by 2050 and a catastrophic nine feet by 2100, and more recent estimates are worse.  See Six Degrees for a similar projection of what will happen to the planet and its inhabitants as the temperature and seas rise. Ward also discusses overpopulation, species extinction, feeding the displaced, and what we can do.  --D

----Dyer, Gwynne.  Climate Wars: The Fight for Survival as the World Overheats.    Interv. Democracy Now (  ?  ).    Basic fact: planet warming.           A 1 percent rise in temp will produce 10 percent reduction in food.   Without drastic reduction in C02 the planet will heat 4 degrees by 2060.   So Dyer recommends geo-engineering (SRM: Solar Radiation Management)  to give us time..  
 [ In contrast, Vandana Shiva (Soil Not Oil) urges drastic changes in economic system esp a change.from corporate to small agriculture.  She urges agreement to Universal Declaration on the Rights of the Earth.]  --D

Books with Some Comment
--Firor, John and Judith Jacobsen.  The Crowded Greenhouse.  2002. Barely mentions low islands and coastal areas.
--Guzman.  Overheated.  One chapter on refugees.
--Lynas, Mark.   Six Degrees: Our Future on a Hotter Planet.   2008.  Mentions Bangladesh, Botswana, Katrina, Pakistan, Peru.
--Bassey, Nnimo.  To Cook a Continent.    Because Africa, already growing poorer, will be hit worse by warming than other continents and unable to adapt, industrial nations must provide the money for Africa to avoid the worst to be caused by CO2.    Since it isn’t being given, some African nations are suing the polluting nations.
Paskal, Cleo.  Global Warring2010.
--Henry Pollack, A World Without Ice.  2009.  Mentions Pacific islands and Arctic coastal villages.



Documentary Investigates Plight of Millions of 'Climate Refugees' (Video)  by Brian Merchant, Brooklyn, New York on 02.18.10

Photo via CMA
The changing climate is causing upheaval and unrest on a large scale--rising sea levels, more severe storms and flooding, and worse droughts are already rendering populated parts of the world uninhabitable. In some places, this is occurring just around, oh, right now. In order to raise awareness of their plight documentarian Michael Nash has created the film Climate Refugees. It's an apolitical (interviews from both John Kerry and Newt Gingrich are included) look not at the intricacies of the science or government policy, but at what's physically happening right now due to climate change. Trailer's after the jump.
Even the trailer goes a long way in putting a human face on climate change. Here's what the director himself has said about the project (via the Daily Camera):
The human face of climate change really is an untold story and the very reason I felt the need to investigate. When I started this journey three years ago, there was very little data on climatic migration. There seemed to be a vast amount of spin on both sides of the climate change issue. I wanted to move beyond the politics and dig into the truth of whether our climate was really changing and if it was, how was it affecting humans? What I found was mass climatic migration. Victims forced to relocate, unable to live on the land, either from short-term or long-term climatic changes. Our changing climate seems to be all about water: too much in some areas and too little in others.
Here's the movie poster:
The film was an official selection at this year's Sundance Film Festival. I look forward to the wide release--projects like this are of greater importance now than ever before.

Weather Report

The film
·                                 Description
·                                 Other Versions of this Film
·                                 Credits
·                                 Awards
·                                 Images and Other Media
Similar Films by Category


For many, global warming is something that is happening somewhere else to other people, but for millions of people, it is right at their doorstep. Weather Report journeys across the globe—from the Canadian Arctic to Northern Kenya, from the U.S. Midwest to China and India—visiting communities where lives and livelihoods are being affected in dramatic ways. 
Putting a face to the reality of global warming, the film illuminates the impact of recent climate change, delivering a new perspective to audiences worldwide. The question is no longer whether climate change is happening, but whether we can respond to the emergency before it's too late.
2007, 52 min 03 s
  • Production Agency
    National Film Board of Canada
    Sienna Films Inc.

Also available in French

Also available under


Bronze Remi Award
WorldFest - International Film Festival
April 11 to 20 2008, Houston - USA

[from Dick’s files:  Note from Robt. McAfee 2011]
U of A law school ass't. professor D'Lorah Hughes. she didn't give a formal presentation (slides, etc.) but she talked abouta national conference she had attended on the legal impact of global warming, particularly its impact on sea level rise and island peoples. it is an aspect of the issue i had never heard in depth before.we've all heard the science and have discussed economic implications, possible armed conflict situations, territorial disputes and the like but she gave an entirely new and refreshing perspective. what DO you do when the country where you were born, have an identity, history, culture, family ties and legal status, etc. simply disapppears? what about legal liability, reparations, statehood, resettlement, entitlements , options.....? i was at first pleased that the legal profession was even considering this (i'm an ex litigation paralegal), then totally engrossed in and riveted by everything she had to say.  she is writing an article on the subject for a law journal at the present time. she was a great speaker and donna and i both enjoyed it.  i have her contact information if anyone wants to consider her as a potential speaker or interview subject for a newspaper article, perhaps after her article is published. focusing on individual's legal rights focuses attention on the face of global warming.  i encourage all of you to think about this aspect of the global climate change picture. 
[I also found a note from Joanna Pollock about 2 NPR programs regarding the same subject.  –D]

A Warming Planet Struggles to Feed Itself
Justin Gillis, The New York Times
Excerpt: "The latest scientific research suggests that a previously discounted factor is helping to destabilize the food system: climate change."



1.                             Int'l Rescue Committee -‎
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1.                             International Refugee Organisation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The International Refugee Organisation (IRO) was founded on April 20, 1946 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II. A Preparatory ...

2.                             UNHCR - The UN Refugee Agency
Figures at a Glance · Governance and Organization · History of UNHCR · The High ...From supermarkets to refugee camps, bar-codes speed up the process of ...
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3.                             Constitution of the International Refugee Organization, December 15
PREAMBLE. The Governments accepting this Constitution, Recognizing: that genuinerefugees and displaced persons constitute an urgent problem which is ...

4.                             International Refugee Organization (historical UN agency ...
(IRO), temporary specialized agency of the United Nations that, between its formal establishment in 1946 and its termination in January 1952, assisted refugees ...

5.                             Immigrant & Refugee Community Organization: Home and Refugee Community Organization ... IRCO's International Language Bank offers the highest quality professional interpretation, translation and ...

6.                             International Refugee Organization | › ... › United Nations
International Refugee Organization , temporary agency of the United Nations, established in 1946. In arranging for the care and the repatriation or.

7.                             Refworld | Constitution of the International Refugee Organization
Title, Constitution of the International Refugee Organization. Publisher, United Nations. Publication Date, 15 December 1946. Citation / Document Symbol ...

8.                             10 Annex X - International Refugee Organization (IRO) - to ... - UNTC
The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was established in 1946 as a temporary specialized agency of the United Nations. In arranging for the care and ...

9.                             Rescue and Refugee Support | International Rescue Committee (IRC)
The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst ... She leads a community-based women's organization supported by the IRC. August 1 ...

10.                         International Refugee Organization - The Free Dictionary
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in Britain) Inland Revenue Office. 2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) International Refugee Organization ...

Searches related to International refugee organization

Cohen, Gerard.  In War’s Wake: Europe’s Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order.  Oxford, 2012.   Rev. The Nation (Mar 26, 2012): Holly Case, “The Uprooted.”    In War’s Wake mainly a “history of the International Refugee Organization (IRO).” --D

Running From US Wars, Where the Displaced Go

by: Sarah Bufkin, ThinkProgress 25 June 2011
America’s wars are forcing Afghans and Iraqis to flee their homes in greater numbers. According to a recent U.N. High Commission for Refugees study, nearly one half of the world’s refugees are from Afghanistan and Iraq, 3.05 million and 1.68 million, respectively. But neither the United States nor much of the developed world bears the burden of the 10.55 million refugees under the UNHCR’s purview globally. Instead, Pakistan, Iran, and Syria serve as the top host countries. The Economist has charted the numbers:  MORE

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Dick's Wars and Warming KPSQ Radio Editorials (#1-48)

Dick's Wars and Warming KPSQ Radio Editorials (#1-48)