CHEMICAL WARFARE NEWSLETTER
#2. September 7, 2013. Compiled by Dick Bennett for a Culture of
Peace. (#1July 16, 2012). US
Here is the link to all OMNI newsletters: http://www.omnicenter.org/newsletter-archive/ For a knowledge-based peace, justice, and ecology movement and an informed citizenry as the foundation for change. See: SYRIA, War Crimes, Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), Vietnam War and other wars.
VVAW vs. Agent Orange
Agent Orange Relief Act
VFP vs. Agent Orange
Wikipedia: Tear Gas
War Resisters League Campaign vs. Tear Gas
Israeli Tear Gas
Messamore, 10 US Chemical Attacks
Palazzo, Myelodysplastic Syndromes
IRAQI CHEM WAR VS.
ICBUW, VFP, Ban Uranium Weapons
Hall, WRL’s Anti-Tear Gas Campaign
WRL, Resistance to Tear Gas in
[I had prepared this newsletter when the following article by Messamore was forwarded to me by David D. I thought it provided a strong opener.
dioxin 1962-1971; 2. Israel vs.
Palestinians, white phosphorous, 08-09; 3. Vietnam , white phosphorous, 04; 4. Iraq Iraq ( US)
vs. Iran, Kurds, sarin, nerve gas, mustard gas,
88; 5. , 1950s; 6. Occupy, tear gas, 2011; 7. Waco, tear gas, 93; 8. St. Louis , DU, 03; 9. Japan, napalm, 44-5; 10 Hiroshima-Nagasaki, nuclear.] Iraq
10 Chemical Weapons Attacks
Washington Doesn’t Want You to Talk About
September 5, 2013
September 5, 2013
lacks the moral authority. We’re talking about a government with a history of
using chemical weapons against innocent people far more prolific and deadly
than the mere
accusations Assad faces from a trigger-happy Western
military-industrial complex, bent on stifling further investigation before
Here is a list of 10 chemical weapons attacks carried out by the
government or its allies against civilians.. U.S.
Military Dumped 20 Million Gallons of Chemicals on from 1962 – 1971 Vietnam
During the Vietnam War, the U.S. military sprayed 20 million gallons of chemicals, including the very toxic Agent Orange, on the forests and farmlands of Vietnam and neighboring countries, deliberately destroying food supplies, shattering the jungle ecology, and ravaging the lives of hundreds of thousands of innocent people.
estimates that as a result of the decade-long
chemical attack, 400,000 people were killed or maimed, 500,000 babies have been
born with birth defects, and 2 million have suffered from cancer or other
illnesses. In 2012, the Red Cross estimated that one million people in Vietnam have
disabilities or health problems related to Agent Orange. Vietnam
Attacked Palestinian Civilians with White Phosphorus in 2008 – 2009 Israel
White phosphorus is a horrific incendiary chemical weapon that melts human flesh right down to the bone.
In 2009, multiple human rights groups, including Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, and International Red Cross reported that the Israeli government was attacking civilians in their own country with chemical weapons. An Amnesty International team claimed to find “indisputable evidence of the widespread use of white phosphorus” as a weapon in densely-populated civilian areas. The Israeli military denied the allegations at first, but eventually admitted they were true.
After the string of allegations by these NGOs, the Israeli military even hit a UN headquarters(!) in
with a chemical attack.
How do you think all this evidence compares to the case against Syria?
Why didn’t Obama try to bomb Gaza ? Israel
Attacked Iraqi Civilians with White Phosphorus in 2004 Washington
In 2004, journalists embedded with the
U.S. military in began reporting the use of white phosphorus in Fallujah
against Iraqi insurgents. First the military lied and said that it was only using white
phosphorus to create smokescreens or illuminate targets. Thenit admitted to using the volatile chemical as an
incendiary weapon. At the time, Italian television broadcaster RAI aired a
documentary entitled, “Fallujah, The Hidden Massacre,” including grim video
footage and photographs, as well as eyewitness interviews with Fallujah
residents and U.S. soldiers revealing how the U.S. government indiscriminately
rained white chemical fire down on the Iraqi city and melted women and children
to death. Iraq
4. The CIA Helped Saddam Hussein Massacre Iranians and Kurds with Chemical Weapons in 1988
CIA records now prove that
knew Saddam Hussein was using
chemical weapons (including sarin, nerve gas, and mustard gas) in the Iran-Iraq
War, yet continued to pour intelligence into the hands of the Iraqi military,
informing Hussein of Iranian troop movements while knowing that he would be
using the information to launch chemical attacks. At one point in early 1988, Washington warned
Hussein of an Iranian troop movement that would have ended the war in a
decisive defeat for the Iraqi government. By March an emboldened Hussein with
new friends in Washington struck a Kurdish village occupied by Iranian troops with
multiple chemical agents, killing as many as 5,000 people and
injuring as many as 10,000 more, most of them civilians. Thousands more died in
the following years from complications, diseases, and birth defects. Washington
5. The Army Tested Chemicals on Residents of Poor, Black
in The 1950s St. Louis
In the early 1950s, the Army set up motorized blowers on top of residential high-rises in low-income, mostly black
neighborhoods, including areas
where as much as 70% of the residents were children under 12. The government
told residents that it was experimenting with a smokescreen to protect the city
from Russian attacks, but it was actually pumping the air
full of hundreds of
pounds of finely powdered zinc cadmium sulfide. The government admits that
there was a second ingredient in the chemical powder, but whether or not that
ingredient was radioactive remains classified. Of
course it does. Since the tests, an alarming number of the area’s residents
have developed cancer. In 1955, Doris Spates was born in one of the buildings
the Army used to fill the air with chemicals from 1953 – 1954. Her father died
inexplicably that same year, she has seen four siblings die from cancer, and
Doris herself is a survivor of cervical cancer. St. Louis
6. Police Fired Tear Gas at Occupy Protesters in 2011
The savage violence of the police against Occupy protesters in 2011 was well documented, and included the use of tear gas and other chemical irritants. Tear gas is prohibited for use against enemy soldiers in battle by the Chemical Weapons Convention. Can’t police give civilian protesters in
the same courtesy and protection that international law requires for enemy
soldiers on a battlefield? Oakland, California
7. The FBI Attacked Men, Women, and Children With Tear Gas in
in 1993 Waco
At the infamous Waco siege of a peaceful community of Seventh Day Adventists, the FBI pumped tear gas into buildings knowing that women, children, and babies were inside. The tear gas was highly flammable and ignited, engulfing the buildings in flames and killing 49 men and women, and 27 children, including babies and toddlers. Remember, attacking an armed enemy soldier on a battlefield with tear gas is a war crime. What kind of crime is attacking a baby with tear gas?
with Toxic Depleted Uranium in 2003 Iraq
Iraq, the military
has littered the environment with thousands of tons of munitions made from depleted uranium,
a toxic and radioactive nuclear waste
product. As a result, more than half of babies born in Fallujah from
2007 – 2010 were born with birth defects.
Some of these defects have never been seen before outside of textbooks with
photos of babies born near nuclear tests in the Pacific. Cancer and infant
mortality have also seen a dramatic rise in U.S. . According to Christopher Busby, the Scientific
Secretary of the European Committee on Radiation Risk, “These are weapons which
have absolutely destroyed the genetic integrity of the population of Iraq .” After
authoring two of four reports published in 2012 on the health crisis in Iraq , Busby
described Fallujah as having, “the highest rate of genetic damage in any
population ever studied.” Iraq
Military Killed Hundreds of Thousands of Japanese Civilians with Napalm from
1944 – 1945 U.S.
Napalm is a sticky and highly flammable gel which has been used as a weapon of terror by the
military. In 1980, the UN declaredthe use
of napalm on swaths of civilian population a war crime. That’s exactly what the U.S. military did in World War II, dropping enough
napalm in one bombing raid on U.S.
to burn 100,000 people to death, injure a million more, and leave a million
without homes in the single deadliest air raid of World War II. Tokyo
Government Dropped Nuclear Bombs on Two Japanese Cities in 1945 U.S.
Although nuclear bombs may not be considered chemical weapons, I believe we can agree they belong to the same category. They certainly disperse an awful lot of deadly radioactive chemicals. They are every bit as horrifying as chemical weapons if not more, and by their very nature, suitable for only one purpose: wiping out an entire city full of civilians. It seems odd that the only regime to everuse one of these weapons of terror on other human beings has busied itself with the pretense of keeping the world safe from dangerous weapons in the hands of dangerous governments
Sent: Thursday, September 5, 2013 10:28 AM (from Sonny
US, the Biggest User of Chemical Weapons in History Asserts "Right To Protect"
Wed, 09/04/2013 - 14:07 — Bruce A.
A Black Agenda Radio Commentary by Bruce A. Dixon
How can the
US, the Biggest User of Chemical Weapons in History Asserts "Right To Protect"
A Black Agenda Radio Commentary by Bruce A. Dixon
Outside the bubble of ignorance and unreality that corporate media and corporate rule impose on the
From 1961 to 1972 the
The objective was to kill the lush triple canopy jungle in which Vietnamese fighters hid and through which they transported supplies, and to kill the animals & crops of Vietnamese peasants in areas the
Even if we stick only to western Asia, the
During the 1980s Iran-Iraq war the Pentagon provided Saddam Hussein  with satellite intelligence  so he'd know where to fire his nerve gas at Iranian troop concentrations.
In its two Gulf Wars, the
There are treaties banning chemical weapons, but none of them authorize any nation to launch “preventive” or punitive strikes against those who do. Most Arabs, most of the world knows this history, and so do more than a few Americans, including much of the so-called left.
The foremost practitioner of chemical warfare in human history is about to bomb a country one-fifteenth its size, for its alleged use of chemical weapons. If the Bush-Cheney gang were still in power, we might see Melissa Harris-Perry and Rachel Maddow reminding us of this awful record. But there's a Democrat in the White House, so the hypocrisy detectors have been turned off and the history teachers silenced.
This is what US policy makers mean when they talk about their “right to protect” civilians in other countries.
For Black Agenda Radio I'm Bruce Dixon. Find us on the web atwww.blackagendareport.com .
Bruce A. Dixon is managing editor at Black Agenda Report, and a member of the state committee of the GA Green Party. Contact him via this site's contact page, or at bruce.dixon(at)blackagendareport.com.
MIKE IVES 08/09/12,
Huffington Post 8-12-12
Vietnam Cleanup Started By U.S.
Video, Vietnam, Agent Orange, Agent Orange Cleanup, Agent Orange Vietnam, Dioxin Agent Orange, Dioxin Poisoning, Dioxin Vietnam, Us Agent Orange, Vietnam Agent Orange, World News
In this photo taken on Wednesday, Aug. 8, 2012, Chu Thanh Nhan,12, watches other children dance at a rehabilitation center inDANANG, Vietnam -- The United States began a landmark project Thursday to clean up a dangerous chemical left from the defoliant Agent Orange – 50 years after American planes first sprayed it on Vietnam's jungles to destroy enemy cover.
Photo/Maika Elan) Danang,
Dioxin, which has been linked to cancer, birth defects and other disabilities, will be removed from the site of a former
"We are both moving earth and taking the first steps to bury the legacies of our past," U.S. Ambassador David Shear said during the groundbreaking ceremony near where a rusty barbed wire fence marks the site's boundary. "I look forward to even more success to follow."
The $43 million joint project with
Shear added the
The work begins as
The Danang site is closed to the public. Part of it consists of a dry field where
The contaminated area also includes lakes and wetlands dotted with pink lotus flowers where dioxin has seeped into soil and sediment over decades. A high concrete wall separates it from nearby communities and serves as a barrier to fishing there.
The war ended on April 30, 1975, when northern Communist forces seized control of Saigon, the U.S.-backed capital of former
The Agent Orange issue has continued to blight the U.S.-Vietnam relationship because dioxin can linger in the environment for decades, entering the food supply through the fat of fish and other animals.
Although the chemical remains at the Danang site,
In 2007, Vietnamese authorities – with technical assistance from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and funding from the nonprofit U.S.-based Ford Foundation – poured a 6-inch (15-cm) concrete slab half the size of a football field over the contaminated area where Agent Orange was mixed. Dioxin is not water-soluble and only spreads when rainfall and runoff move contaminated mud.
Workers will first dig down about 2 meters (6.56 feet). The soil will then be heated to 335 degrees Celsius (635 Fahrenheit) in special containers where the dioxin will break down into oxygen, carbon dioxide and other substances that pose no health risks.
It is still unclear how much dioxin the
Story reported in ADG 8-10-12, “
A warning sign stands in a field contaminated with dioxin near Danang airport, during a ceremony marking the start of a project to clean up dioxin left over from the Vietnam War, at a former U.S. military base in Danang, Vietnam Thursday Aug. 9, 2012. The sign reads; "Dioxin contamination zone - livestock, poultry and fishery operations not permitted." (AP Photo/Maika Elan)
Mon Oct 22, 2012 12:09 pm (PDT) . Posted by:
Agent Orange, United States Military Veterans, And Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Chuck Palazzo Agent Orange Action Group http://aoag.org/
Hoa Binh Chapter, Veterans For Peace http://vfp-vn.ning.com/
themselves recently used chemical weapons. Syria
We condemn all use of chemical weapons.
U.S. used chemical weapons against civilians in in 2004.
Evidence here, here, here, here,here, here. Iraq
Israeli also used white phosphorousin 2009 during “Operation Cast Lead” (and perhaps subsequently).
ratified Protocol III of Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (“Protocol
III”) – which outlaws the use of incendiary devices in war – in 2007. So this
was a war crime. Israel
Moreover, the 1925 Geneva Protocol (which is different from Protocol III) prohibits “the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases”.
The use of White phosphorus (“WP”) may also be a war crime under other international treaties and domestic
example, the Battle Book, published by the U.S. Command and General Staff
College at U.S. , contains the following
sentence: “It is against the law of land warfare to employ WP
against personnel targets.” Fort Leavenworth,
The U.S. National Safety Council states that “White phosphorus is a poison . . . If its combustion occurs in a confined space, white phosphorus will remove the oxygen from the air and render the air unfit to support life . . . It is considered a dangerous disaster hazard because it emits highly toxic fumes. The EPA has listed white phosphorus as a Hazardous Air Pollutant.
Indeed, it is interesting to note that the
previously called white phosphorous a chemical weapon when Saddam used it against the Kurds.
Interestingly, it has just come out that the U.S.encouraged Saddam’s use of chemical weapons. U.S.
U.S. and have been dropping depleted
uranium in virtually every country they fight, which causes severe health
problems. See this, this, this and this. Britain
Not only did the
US aid the use of chemical weapons by the former
Iraqi government, it also used chemical weapons on a large scale during its
1991 and 2003 invasions of ,
in the form of depleted-uranium (DU) ammunition. Iraq
As Dahr Jamail’s reporting for Al Jazeera has shown, the use of DU by the US and UK has very likely been the cause not only of many cases of Gulf War Syndrome suffered by Iraq war veterans, but also of thousands of instances of birth defects, cancer and other diseases – causing a “large-scale public health disaster” and the “highest rate of genetic damage in any population ever studied” – suffered by Iraqis in areas subjected to frequent and intense attacks by US and allied occupation forces.
has been accused of using depleted
uranium in Syria.
Two wrongs don’t make a right. But it is hypocritical for the
Britain and Israel to say that we should bomb because
the government allegedly used chemical weapons. Syria
U.S. sprayed nearly 20,000,000 gallons of material containing chemical
herbicides and defoliants mixed with jet fuel in Vietnam,
eastern Laos and parts of . Cambodia
estimates 400,000 people were killed or maimed, and 500,000 children born with
birth defects as a result of its use. The Red Cross of Vietnam
estimates that up to 1 million people are disabled or have health problems due
to Agent Orange. But that was some 50 years ago. Vietnam
This article was posted: Tuesday, August 27, 2013 at 8:02 pm
History lesson: When the
looked the other way on chemical weapons United States
Posted by Glenn Kessler at 06:02 AM ET, 09/04/2013
“People say, ‘Well, he killed 100,000 people. What’s the difference with this 1,400?’ With this 1,400, he crossed a line with using chemical weapons. President Obama did not draw the red line. Humanity drew it decades ago, 170-some countries supporting the convention on not using chemicals -- chemical warfare.”
One of the administration’s main arguments for attacking
because the government crossed an important line by using chemical weapons
against its own people. Syria
Rep. Nancy Pelosi, a strong supporter of military strikes, echoed that argument on Tuesday. She noted that as far back as 1925, nearly 40 nations had joined together to ban the first use of chemical weapons when the Geneva Protocol was signed. (Her mention of 170 countries appears to refer to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention, which seeks to prohibit the production of chemical weapons and mandates their destruction; Syria has refused to sign the treaty, though 189 other countries have signed it.)
Such treaties generally do not have mechanisms for enforcement. As far as we know, no nation has ever attacked another to punish it for the use of chemical weapons, so Obama’s request is unprecedented.
chemical weapons stockpile results from a never-acknowledged gentleman’s
agreement in the Middle East that as long as Israel
had nuclear weapons, ’s
pursuit of chemical weapons would not attract much public acknowledgement or
criticism. (The Fact Checker, when serving as The Washington Post’s diplomatic
correspondent, learned of this secret arrangement from Middle Eastern and
Western diplomats, but it was never officially confirmed.) These are the sorts
of trade-offs that happen often in diplomacy. After all, Syria Israel’s nuclear stockpile has never been
officially acknowledged, and Syria
in the 1980s and 1990s was often supportive of U.S.
interests in the region, even nearly reaching a peace deal with . Israel
But there is an even more striking instance of the
ignoring use of the chemical weapons
that killed tens of thousands of people -- during the grinding Iraq-Iran war in
the 1980s. As documented in 2002 by Washington
Post reporter Michael Dobbs, the Reagan administration knew full
well it was selling materials to Iraq that was being used for the manufacture
of chemical weapons, and
that Iraq was using such weapons, but U.S. officials were more concerned about
whether Iran would win rather than how Iraq might eke out a victory. Dobbs
noted that United
States Iraq’s chemical
weapons’ use was “hardly a secret, with the Iraqi military issuing this warning
in February 1984: ”The invaders should know that for every harmful insect,
there is an insecticide capable of annihilating it . . . and possesses this annihilation
As Dobbs wrote:
A review of thousands of declassified government documents and interviews with former policymakers shows that
intelligence and logistical
support played a crucial role in shoring up Iraqi defenses against the “human
wave” attacks by suicidal Iranian troops. The administrations of Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush authorized
the sale to U.S.
of numerous items that had both military and civilian applications, including
poisonous chemicals and deadly biological viruses, such as anthrax and bubonic
plague . Iraq
To prevent an Iraqi collapse, the Reagan administration supplied battlefield intelligence on Iranian troop buildups to the Iraqis, sometimes through third parties such as
. The Saudi
was enshrined in National Security Decision Directive 114 of Nov. 26, 1983, one
of the few important Reagan era foreign policy decisions that still remains
classified. According to former Iraq U.S.
officials, the directive stated that the United
States would do “whatever was necessary and legal” to
prevent Iraq from losing the
war with . Iran
The presidential directive was issued amid a flurry of reports that Iraqi forces were using chemical weapons in their attempts to hold back the Iranians. In principle,
was strongly opposed to chemical warfare, a practice outlawed by the 1925
Geneva Protocol. In practice, Washington
condemnation of Iraqi use of chemical weapons ranked relatively low on the
scale of administration priorities, particularly compared with the
all-important goal of preventing an Iranian victory. U.S.
Thus, on Nov. 1, 1983, a senior State Department official, Jonathan T. Howe, told Secretary of State George P. Shultz that intelligence reports showed that Iraqi troops were resorting to “almost daily use of CW” against the Iranians. But the Reagan administration had already committed itself to a large-scale diplomatic and political overture to
culminating in several visits by the president’s recently appointed special
envoy to the Middle East, Donald H. Rumsfeld.
In 1988, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein ordered chemical weapons attacks against Kurdish resistance forces, but the relationship with
time was deemed too important to rupture over the matter. The Iraq
did not even impose sanctions. United States
Without much apparent irony, two decades later Rumsfeld and other members of the then George W. Bush administration repeatedly cited Hussein’s use of chemical weapons against own people as a justification for invading
spokesman Drew Hammill did not respond to questions about her views on how the
Reagan administration handled the Iraqi situation.) Iraq
For interested readers, we have embedded below an English translation of the French intelligence report on the alleged chemical weapons attack last month because it includes a history of the Syrian chemical weapons program. . . .
Resistance & Tear Gas in the Air
War Resisters League via uark.edu July 27, 2012
to jbennet email@example.com
A lot is in the air --resistance, solidarity, repression—and tear gas.
All around the world, where we see people coming together and insisting on their rights, we see clouds of tear gas. I’m writing to tell you about War Resisters League’s exciting—and winnable!—campaign against tear gas (see video http://vimeo.com/45668254) and increased militarization of police forces everywhere and to urge you to help that campaign achieve its goals. https://www.warresisters.org/?q=donatewrl
I was one of thousands gassed in the streets of Seattle in '99 World Trade Organization protests during our successful nonviolent direct action to keep delegates from meeting. In '01 I was in
protesting the forging of a colossal free-trade agreement. Despite the police's
onslaught of tear gas and concussion grenades protesters held their ground for
a few days and nights. So much gas filled the city air that the meeting was
shut down because even the participants couldn’t breathe! Québec City
Our protests can become inspiring victories. But those against whom we protest do their best to exact a price. The horrible feelings of choking on my own breath, of burning eyes and face, of watching my friends endure the same has haunted me and I am sure rumors that it causes permanent physiological damage have had a chilling effect on many a conscientious person.
In response to the many global uprisings, militarized police everywhere increasingly use these U.S.-made gasses in more and more brutal ways. A crowd assembles; people are made to choke; some are smashed in the face or head by canisters fired at them, sometimes fatally. Protesters share vinegar-soaked rags and hear each others' frightening stories. This is a crowd that can't really be dispersed, but can only grow—and WRL’s anti-tear gas campaign can nurture its growth. https://www.warresisters.org/node/1382
Through storytelling and direct action, http://facingteargas.tumblr.com/ WRL and our allies will work to expose the companies profiting from these repressive tools and to put grassroots pressure on the State Department to comply with U.S. law barring the use of U.S. weapons by regimes perpetrating human rights violations.
What makes this a winnable campaign is its discrete target—one relatively small tool of militarism. This type of public pressure was effective in stopping the sale of
teargas in Bahrain.
We can make one of the world’s biggest purveyors of these (and other) weapons
obey its own laws; we can decrease use of tear gas against the rising tide of
But only with your help! You can view and share with others the tear gas stories on our tumblr and contribute your own story. Please make a financial contribution so that our organizers can produce the materials and reach enough people to help end the dirty business that is tear gas.
Thanks in advance, and keep on resisting.
P.S. See stories about people's experiences with tear gas all over the world. For more information, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
corporate link to police violence in
This week, the Québec movement sparked by students striking against tuition hikes is ramping up the pressure again, as some schools start class today and "Law 12" is mandating that students attend. The response of the movement has been "Back to Class Means Back to Strike!" As people in the thousands have joined the strikes, protesters have faced huge amounts of police repression, supported in part by US-based corporations.
Defense Technology, http://cupwire.ca/articles/52915 headquartered in
Wyoming, produces the tear gas used
against the Quebec
movement. This manufacturer is a subsidiary of
Safariland, now owned by prominent war profiteer Warren B. Kanders,
based in Southern Connecticut (though the sale was held up by the sentencing of
a former Safariland exec for bribing government officials in Europe, Africa,
and the Middle East in order to secure
business). Safariland holds monthly trainings for cops, prison officers,
private security personnel, and active-duty soldiers across the U.S. on how to
use this Chemical Weapon.
Defense Technology tear gas has also been used against Occupy Oakland, the ongoing Yemeni movement for change, Palestinians in East Jerusalem, as well as against protesters in
Bahrain and Tunisia. In
addition, between 3,000-5,000 canisters of Safariland tear gas were used
against protesters at the 2001 Summit of the Americas in Quebec City.
For updates and action alerts on tear gas use in
Quebec and around the
world, sign up on our e-mail list, http://org2.democracyinaction.org/o/6521/p/salsa/web/common/public/signup?signup_page_KEY=2820 and for more on WRL's storytelling project
and campaign against tear gas visit: http://www.warresisters.org/facingteargas.
How did the movement in
In March, the Jean Charest government in
Quebec announced a 75% tuition hike for all
public university students.
many of the current university students are first generation college students.
Most of them are working their way through college—a dramatic tuition hike means
taking on a second job or enormous amounts of debt.
Many students decided to go on strike—abstaining from attending their universities en masse to protest the hikes. Students pinned red squares to their lapels—or wore them as earrings or face paint—taking to the streets, demanding to negotiate to end the tuition hikes...
When it became undeniable that the students were serious, the now notorious
Police (SPVM) began implementing the
Emergency “Law 78”—a law that actively criminalized unannounced gatherings
of more than 50 people. Montreal
Law 78 transformed what was once a student strike into a popular movement. Solidarity actions erupted throughout the world. Though to others a $1,625 tuition hike seemed cheap in comparison to other attacks on public education, police repression and criminalizing of the people’s voice was something that echoed throughout the world.
On the last nights in May, more than 400,000 marched through the streets of Montréal.
Read more of this story on the War Resisters League Blog. http://warresisters.wordpress.com/
GOOGLE SEARCH ON
OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS, Sept. 5, 2013 US
1 day ago - But there is an even more striking instance of the
ignoringuse of the chemical weapons that killed tens of
thousands of people ... United States
1 day ago - President Obama´s Secretary of State John Kerry has said that the
condemns the use of chemical
weapons. In order for this statement to be ... US
1 day ago - The
U.S. encouraged Saddam
Hussein's use of chemical
… which was the largest use of chemical
weapons in history. Iran
Jump to Chemical weapons disposal - According to the
U.S. Army Chemical Materials Agency by ... The also uses mobile treatment systems
to treat ... U.S.
5. Bombshell: Syria's 'chemical weapons' turn out to be sodium fluoride ...www.infowars.com/bombshell-syrias-chemical-weapons-turn-out-to-be-s...2 days ago - According to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, any government “regime” that uses chemical weapons against its own people should be ...
6. Russia skeptical on Syria chemical weapon use, doesn't rule out ... www.cnn.com/2013/09/04/world/meast/syria-civil-war
23 hours ago - ... strike on
there's proof that the regime used chemical
weapons. ... The Syria and other Western
nations blame the Assad ... United States
3 days ago - The war of words between the Kremlin and the White House over
showed no sign of abating, as Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov ... Syria
23 hours ago -
PARIS – France released an intelligence report on Monday
alleging chemical weapons use by Syria's regime that dovetailed with similar ... U.S.
10 hours ago - But the
is not considering
military action to save them. ...When Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein used chemical
weapons against U.S. in the ... Iran
Searches related to
use of chemical weapons US
END CHEMICAL WAR NEWSLETTER #2