Thursday, March 28, 2013


OMNI NEWSLETTER #8 ON NONVIOLENCE,   March 28, 2013.    Compiled by Dick Bennett for a Culture of Peace.      (#1 Feb. 17, 2011; #2 May 13, 2011; #3 June 7, 2011, #4 September 30, 2011; #5 Sept. 21, 2012; #6 Dec. 28, 2012; #7 Jan. 17, 2013).

My blog:  The War Department and Peace Heroes
Newsletters on Peace, Justice, and Ecology:
See: Imperialism, Militarism, Pentagon,  Recruiting, Suicides, Whistleblowing, and more.

Gandhi was quoted as saying:  “The only people on earth who do not see Christ and his teachings as nonviolent are Christians.”

Nos. 5 and 6 at end

Contents #7
Fr. John Dear
Iowa War Protesters
Protesters’ Pro Se Defense
Christian Nonviolence
John Howard Yoder
Tripp York

Contents #8 March 28, 2013
Nonviolence International
Nonviolence International Film Festival
International DAY of Nonviolence, Oct. 2 (OMNI National/International DAYS Project)
Muslim Nonviolence
Abdul Ghaffar Badshah Khan: Pakistan’s Muslim Gandhi
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi:  Turkey’s Muslim Gandhi
Fethullah Gulen, Follower of Nursi
Kaufman-Lacusta:  Palestinian-Israeli Nonviolent Resistance to Occupation

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Randall Internship And Research Fellowships

Mar 26th, 13 / 0 Comments
Dr. Awad, president of Nonviolence International is proud to launch international internship awards as well as research scholarships in the name of Darrall and Mildred Randall. The Randall’s devoted their lives to international peace and understanding and the education of young people. In honor of the Randall’s lifelong commitment, NI wishes to support up to four international interns every year to work at our offices around the world.
Dr. Randall spent decades teaching young scholars, with a special interest in human needs and nonviolence, at the School of International Service at the American University. In addition to the international internship awards, Dr. Abdul Aziz Said, Vice President of Nonviolence International is proud to announce the availability of research funding for graduate students who are either attending or are alumni of the American University and are interested in researching nonviolence around the world.
For more information and applications for these programs:


Nonviolent Protests In Response To Newtown Massacre

Dec 21st, 12 / 0 Comments
CODEPINK Protesters Unfurl Banners “NRA KILLING OUR KIDS” and “NRA BLOOD ON YOUR HANDS” at first NRA Press Conference after Newtown Shooting
December 21, 2012Contact:
Medea Benjamin, CODEPINK coordinator, (415) 235-6517
Mobbie Tazamal, CODEPINK coordinator, (571) 345-4155
Video footage:
Washington DC – Today as the National Rifle Association held its first press conference since the tragic shooting in Newtown, Connecticut, two activists with the peace group CODEPINK stood up and unfurled banners that read “NRA KILLING OUR KIDS” and “NRA BLOOD ON YOUR HANDS”. The activists, Medea Benjamin and Tighe Barry, were held, questioned, and then released.
“It’s time for our government to finally stand up to the NRA. It’s time for them to protect our children, not their guns,” says CODEPINK co-director Medea Benjamin. “The NRA spokesperson was talking about ‘reckless behavior’ of the media and I stood up and said, ‘We need to stop the reckless behavior of the NRA, ban assault weapons, and have less guns on our streets, not more!’”
“From the wars the American government is perpetuating abroad, especially with killer drone strikes, to the glorification of murder in our pop culture, it’s no surprise that violence is prevalent in our society,” said CODEPINK co-director Rae Abileah. “We need a comprehensive plan to address weapons in our communities and it starts with holding the NRA accountable.”
“The NRA is out of touch, and showed a lack of remorse today. By advocating for armed guards, they want to put more guns in our schools, rather than protect our children,” Tighe Barry went on to say. “The NRA uses Washington as a way to bypass the wishes of the American public. We need to end the violence now.”
Earlier this week, CODEPINK visited the office of Senator Reid and told him it’s time to take a stand for gun control and stand up to the NRA.
CODEPINK is a women-initiated grassroots peace and social justice movement working to end U.S. funded wars and occupations, to challenge militarism globally, and to redirect our resources into health care, education, green jobs and other life-affirming activities.


Attendee Of NI’s Workshop In Cairo Makes Statement.

Nov 28th, 12 / 0 Comments
Among the dozens of Facebook groups spawned by the Syrian uprising, a page supporting women’s rights has suddenly received a wave of attention, because of an image posted there by one of its followers. The picture was of 21-year-old Dana Bakdounis, without the veil she had grown up wearing – and it polarised opinion.
Text taken from BBC’s coverage of the statement, read more here:


Gaza’s Ark

Oct 10th, 12 / 0 Comments
The Project.
Nonviolence International is United States fiscal sponsor for the Gaza’s Ark Project. The projects mission statement is to “build a boat in Gaza using existing resources. A crew of internationals and Palestinians will sail it out of Gaza, the only Mediterranean port closed to shipping, carrying Palestinian products to fulfill trade deals with international buyers, to challenge the illegal and inhuman Israeli blockade.”
Recent happenings
Recently the Gaza’s Ark project has announced news that Former Canadian MP (Member of Parliament 1980-88) and retired United Church Minister Jim Manly will join a crew of prominent internationals on the Freedom Flotilla’s “Estelle” sailing from Naples to Gaza to peacefully challenge the illegal and inhumane Israeli blockade of Gaza.”
Further Details about Gaza’s Ark can be found on their website through their website Donations to the Gaza’s Ark project can be contributed also through their website at this page.


Spark Of The Arab Spring.

Oct 3rd, 12 / 0 Comments
The  41st Annual  Conference of the Association of
Muslim Social Scientists of North America  (AMSS)

Religious Dimensions of Democratization
Processes in Muslim-Majority Nations Yale University, New Haven, CT Saturday, September 29, 2012
The Arab Spring
Mubarak Awad
Spark of the Arab Spring
The Arab spring was triggered in Tunisia when Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire after claiming he was slapped by policewoman Fedia Hamdi. This spark in the Arab World has created a great divide in cultural tradition and rigid tribal mentalities. Feelings that governments intimidated its citizens have degraded Arabs and Moslems alike and have caused unrest in the streets. Mismanagement of funds and economic stratification has created resentment and a feeling of hopelessness for a better future. Youth graduating from college cannot find jobs. They have begun realizing that their four years of college is a waste of time. Military personnel are getting into big business while college graduates have no jobs.
Condition of Arab states
Arab states have lost their vision of unity for the future. Each state has its own agenda and the resource of the land becomes family owned resources which results in a few wealthy families while their countrymen struggle. The authoritarian states, corruption, human rights abuses and violations, inflation, sectarianism, unemployment, and the influence of religion in politics have created unfavorable conditions for the citizens. Additionally, leaders are often willing to ignore the constitution or change them to put their children in positions of power without any consideration of the will or the vote of the people. These factors have resulted in public frustration, lack respect for government, lack of democracy and corruption. In some areas there has been a push to enforce Sharia Law with lack of regard to women’s rights. There has been an increase in the prominence of Islamic fanatics that hide behind religion in order to pursue their own narrow will on others in the name of Islam.
Promises of Nonviolent Action
The people in the streets have no military training or weaponry. Nonviolent resistance Methods can give them power, especially in numbers against the state regimes. Citizens can make civil resistance a part of their strategy. Techniques include mass defection from government jobs or the army, and massive demonstrations which refuse to disperse for many days. Citizens have the ability to communicate with each other faster than the government through the internet and cell phones. The people need to create an atmosphere which makes it clear that we are not happy; we need change and we will not leave. We are even willing to die for our freedom. The Arab Spring is not a conflict between nations. It is a conflict between the people and their own government. The Arab Spring took the regime by surprise. Governments have chosen to use the army against civilians rather than negotiating with their own people, resulting in unnecessary loss of life.
International action
It is unfortunate that the international community has chosen to take military action. This decision has resulted in Arabs start killing Arabs and Moslem killing Moslems. Many have accepted the roll that the UN can play in the Arab world. This is a missed opportunity for spiritual Moslems leaders from different regions and countries to form a peace team to help the Arab region before the intervention of outside forces from Europe and the United States. The UN, NATO and the United States do not think in a timely manner and give enough time for the tribes to resolve conflict using the culture, local tradition and religious tolerance. They quickly jump to use force and end the conflict immediately. But this does not address the issues roots and so the conflict will continue for many years because of the causality on all sides. Unfortunately this has happened time and time again in Islamic and Arab countries.
The state of protest 
Today Syria is experiencing a full-scale civil protest between the government and opposition forces. Civil uprisings continue against the government of Bahrain despite government changes. The countries of Kuwait, Lebanon and Oman have begun implementing government changes in response to protests. In Morocco and Jordan, constitutional reforms have been implemented in response to civilian pressure. Protests are ongoing in Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Mauritania among other countries.
Effect of the Arab Spring
The Arab Spring is young. Its effect will begin to show 10 years from now. It is a light, a warning. An inspiration for new generations to find themselves free from their parent’s mentality of accepting corruption and living free, accepting each other as human being without consideration for sex, religion or race.


Accidental Advocacy

Sep 21st, 12 / 0 Comments
As a new resident of Washington, D.C., I set out on an adventure to attend a vigil in honor of Rachel Corrie. Rachel, a U.S. citizen, was killed by an Israeli army bulldozer as she protested the demolition of houses in Rafah, Gaza in 2003. After seven years in a civil lawsuit filed by the Corrie family, the Haifa District Court rejected accusations that Israel was to blame for Rachel’s death. Upon hearing the court’s ruling I was struck with a bitter sadness for Rachel’s family and for the plight of all those killed as a result of the occupation. Citizens gathered at the State Department demanding justice for Rachel, a credible investigation into her killing, and protection for US citizens’ rights abroad.  In solidarity with the Corrie family and victims of the Israeli occupation, I strapped on my Palestine bracelets and set out to attend the vigil.
 It took me two hours to not get there.  I was a bit ambitious in thinking I could figure out the DC bus system and not experience mishaps. Fate, combined with two missed buses, rush hour traffic and a faulty GPS system on my phone kept me from my destination. These two hours of chaos led to exchanges with a number of people about the woes of DC transit, the unbearable heat of August in the mid-Atlantic region, and most importantly, Rachel Corrie.
I ended up sharing her story with three people: a friend, a sister, and a very benevolent stranger, none of whom had ever heard of her before. I felt a part of a much larger human community as I saw the shock and sadness on the faces of those learning of Rachel’s fate for the first time.  I am somewhat desensitized to the tragedy of the Israeli occupation but was struck by their incredulous responses to this injustice. With three people that day, I grieved the lack of justice for Rachel and Palestine. I didn’t realize the beauty of accidental activism then, but today I thank the D.C. Metrobus system and the GPS that betrayed me for allowing me these very special exchanges.

For those who are interested in learning more about Rachel’s death and trial, visit Foreign Policy in Focus to read Stephen Zunes’ article at


NI Launches Effort For Change In Syria And Bahrain

Jun 14th, 12 / 0 Comments
As news continues to unfold of the tragedies taking place in Syria and Bahrain please join our petition to call on the governments of the United States, Russia, Iran, and Saudi Arabia to take any action possible to pressure Syria and Bahrain authorities to put an end to the violence.  The petition can be found here- End Violence in Syria and Bahrain.


Summary Of “Reclaiming The Power Of Nonviolence” Conference At AU

Apr 3rd, 12 / 0 Comments
Reclaiming the Power of Nonviolence: Successes, Obstacles and Sustainability of Nonviolent Movements in the Arab Spring
On March 29th and 30th, American University hosted a symposium on nonviolent movements in the Arab Spring. The event was sponsored by the International Peace and Conflict Resolution department, the Center for Peacebuilding and Development, the Mohammad Said Farsi Chair of Islamic Peace, the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict and Nonviolence International. The two-day conference featured various activists, professors, journalists, politicians, and private organization officials from the Middle East and Washington, DC.
The goal of the conference was to create a space to discuss the efforts of nonviolence in the Arab Spring throughout the last year, in particular paying attention to marginalized groups, and determine how nonviolence could be applied in the future within the region to promote peace, growth and stability. The discussions were divided into panels focusing on particular issues or regions.
On Thursday, March 29th the panelists discussed nonviolent movements in Egypt, Tunisia and Yemen, the struggles of nonviolent resistance in Syria and Libya, and the role of nonviolence in nations experiencing a governmental transition, particularly Egypt, Yemen and Jordan.  Some of the significant questions raised during the first day of the conference included the ability of nonviolent movements to remain nonviolent in the face of violence and the role of the access of information on nonviolent strategies.
The keynote speaker of the conference was Jawdat Said, a Syrian scholar and nonviolent activist. Mr. Said emphasized the traditions of nonviolence within the Quran and stated that justice and equality sustain the rule of law and is applicable to all people, not just Muslims. His speech utilized examples from religious texts, history and philosophy to support his advocacy of nonviolence.
On the second day, March 30th, the panels focused more specifically on marginalized groups, such as women, ethnic minorities and religious minorities, and looked at the Kurdish Regional Government in Iraq as a case study. Important questions addressed in these panels included the role of the international community in the Arab Spring, when and how minorities should join the nonviolent protests and the difficulties in comparing various Middle Eastern countries and their national revolutions. The day concluded with a wrap-up panel that examined the general conclusions of the conference and discussed the future of nonviolent movements in Middle Eastern countries still undergoing revolution or experiencing transition.


Iran Pledge Of Resistance

Mar 20th, 12 / 0 Comments
The Iran Pledge of Resistance is a grassroots campaign started in February 2012 as a preemptive response to a US led war with Iran. This campaign is modeled after the Central American Pledge of Resistance that successfully prevented a U.S. invasion in Nicaragua. The goal of the Resistance is to rapidly create a strong anti-war base with both online
activism and local, on the ground activism to prevent a violent action against Iran.

Join The Cause!

You can sign the Iran Pledge of Resistance by clicking here.


Library On Wheels Project

Mar 20th, 12 / 0 Comments
Library on Wheels for Nonviolence and Peace Association (LOWNP) was created by Nonviolence International’s founder, Mubarak Awad, in 1986. LOWNP is a nonprofit organization located in Jerusalem and Hebron. LOWNP promotes the use of nonviolence as a means of social empowerment. It particularly focuses on peace education for Palestinian children and serves as an active library.
Watch video clip describing the projecthere.

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About a month ago I did a training which was basically an introduction to social action.  As part of this training I wrote up a scenario about alien invasion which I gave out to prompt discussion about social action strategy, tactics, and the process of organizing.  I was very happy with how this worked, and […]
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Dr. Awad, president of Nonviolence International is proud to launch international internship awards as well as research scholarships in the name of Darrall and Mildred Randall. The Randall’s devoted their lives to international peace and understanding and the education of young people. In honor of the Randall’s lifelong commitment, NI wishes to support up to […]
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o                                                        The Supreme Court, marriage equality and the pace of change
by Nathan SchneiderThe front page of the New York Times right now tells us that the Supreme Court justices are concerned about the timing of making sweeping decisions about gay marriage. […]
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o                                                        Colombian workers fight for the future of coffee
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o                                                        Honduras: Women raise banner of women’s rights
Laura Carlsen, CIP Americas, March 21, 2013Honduras’ “Walk for Dignity and Sovereignty Step by Step” brought together peasant and indigenous organizations, human rights defenders, workers, and feminists. Honduran feminists of all ages participate... […]
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The Boat

Live Action Short

13 minutes

Finn attempts to reconstruct his fragmented relationship with his father, Walter, through a fishing trip.


Wampler's Ascent

Documentary Feature

77 minutes

Wampler's Ascent takes the audience into the harried, sometimes terrifying and always difficult world of elite rock climbing.


Stories from Lakka Beach

Documentary Feature

76 minutes

A film on Sierra Leone, this is a story about everything else but war.


Global Tides

Live Action Short

7 minutes

Global Tides is an international, interdisciplinary collaboration that incorporates film, music and dance.


Declaration of Interdependence

Documentary Short

4 minutes

Rewriting the U.S. Declaration of Independence as a Declaration of Interdependence.


Connected: An Autoblogography about Love, Death & Technology

Documentary Feature

80 minutes

Connected explores how, after centuries of declaring our independence, it may be time for us to declare our interdependence instead.


World Outside

Live Action Short

11 minutes

A parolee backs himself into a corner one lie at a time, until he risks losing his job or going back to prison.


Who Cares?

Documentary Feature

92 minutes

Who Cares? is a documentary about social entrepreneurs around the world.


My Home

Animated Short

20 minutes

My Home is the story of a rather persistent and self-indulgent beaver who is not a very good neighbour.



Live Action Short

23 minutes

A journey of self-exploration, an odyssey of male adolescence, Prora is a thrilling, tender story about love and friendship.


Pass It On Project

Documentary Feature

46 minutes

Pass It On Project follows a group of Brooklyn eighth-graders on a road trip to the sites of the Civil Rights Movement.


Botev Is An Idiot

Live Action Short

9 minutes

Vasko, a high school student, questions the symbolic and historical figure of the Bulgarian national hero Hristo Botev.


High Noon

Live Action Short

13 minutes

Figueroa has to face his fears and insecurities in order to confront his enemy just outside the school at High Noon.

Mexico, USA, United Kingdom


Live Action Short

30 minutes

A crossing of the vast desert to find work in the U.S. takes a highly unexpected turn for a young Mexican man.
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International Day of Non-Violence - 2 October
Oct 2, 2007 – The International Day of Non-Violence is marked on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement ...
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The Islamic Gandhi The world needs to know about Abdul Ghaffar Khan ... Khan began contacting other progressive Muslim leaders in India, and together they ... - 11k - Cached - Similar pages
A Muslim Gandhi? Badshah Khan and the World’s First Nonviolent Army. Tim Flinders, Guest Contributor. Printable Version: Download as PDF ... - 15k - Cached - Similar pages
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A Muslim Gandhi? Badshah Khan and the. World’s First Nonviolent Army. T. Khan with Gandhi on an evening walk. (J. V. Metha). Tim Flinders, Guest Contributor ... - Similar pages
A lifelong pacifist, a devout Muslim, and a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, he was also known as Badshah Khan (also Bacha Khan, Urdu, Pashto: lit., ... - 68k - Cached - Similar pages
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Khan once told Gandhi of a discussion he had with a Punjabi Muslim who didn't see the nonviolent core of Islam. "I cited chapter and verse from the Koran to ... - 31k - Cached - Similar pages

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The Danish Peace Academy

Nonviolence in Islam : The Case of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

By Holger Terp 2004


Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Born 1890 Dead 1988
Indian Muslim, teacher and social reformer from Punjab, the Pride of Afghan, inspired by the pacifism and the morale of Islam; later also inspired by Mohandas Gandhi's ideas on civilian disobedience and nonviolence. Abdul Ghaffar Khan was born and was functioning in the northwestern border area between India and Afghanistan in what is now Pakistan.

Name shaper: The name Abdul was given to the aristocratic Pashtun boys. He was called Ghaffar as a child. As an adult he became known as Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, the first Khan being a title. The same applied when Khan was called Badshah Khan, in which case Badshah means King. Indians and Pakistanis also relate to Khan as Khan Saheb, mend or master.
When he was just a young man Khan started a school for Pashtun children and made contact to other Muslims who were in favour of progress in the rest of India. In 1914 Khan began his social work and following the First World War he got contact to Mohandas Gandhi in 1919, and - like many other Indians - he was protesting against the Rowlatt Act.
Arrested first time in 1919. In the folIowing years he becomes a member of the Kalifat movement who is trying to strengthen the spiritual links between the Indian Muslims and the Turkish Sultan.
1921 Khan is elected Local Leader of the Kalifat Committee in the Northwestern border area. Khan founds the reform movement Anjumen-e Islah ul-Afaghena in 1921, the farmers' organisation Anjuman-e Zamidaran in 1927 and the youth movement Pustun Jirhah in 1927. Also Abdul Ghaffar Khan founds the nationalistic magazine Paktun in May 1928, and the Khudai Khidmatgar movement (God's Servants) in 1929, which developed and used a Muslim version of the Hindu Satyagraha used in the struggle for Indian independence of Great Britain. In April 1930 the Khudai Khidmatgar movement had 500 peace soldiers, and by the end of that year it had 300,000.
In August 1931 Gandhi seeks to pacify the British Viceroy about Khan: "I wish you would trust Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan. The more I see him, the more I love him. He is so sincere, he has no spiritual reservations, and he tells me that to him non-violence is not politics; it's a mantra."
According to the editor of the Magazine "Friends of India", Ellen Hørup, this was what made a lasting impression at the Karachi Congress opening ceremony in 1931:
»Abdul Ghaffar Khan who presented a company of his Red Shirts. They were no longer peasants who truddled off in their own clothes, which they themselves had coloured in all kinds of red nuances. March. Discipline. Uniform, everything was soldier -like. The officers' distinctions and the wide leather belt the British way.«.
»The Red Shirts and their leader are Muslims. They belong to one of those races, whom the British call warlike. But Abdul Ghaffar Khan has converted his 300,000 troops, who he claims to muster, into nonviolent Gandhists. With their shouting, “Inquilad Sindabad" (Live the Revolution) they weaken the discipline among those of their fellow countrymen who are enrolled in the army - and in every way, which is peaceful, they prevent the police in using violence against the people of the country.«
Immediately after the second Round Table Conference on India's independence in 1931 the British instigate a massive persecution of the members of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement and the Indian Congress Party. 5,000 members of the Khudai Khidmatgar and 2,000 members of the Congress Party are arrested in the spring of 1932 when India is practically declared in a state of war by a regime of terror.
During 1932 the Khudai Khidmatgar movement changes tactics and involves women in the movement. This causes the police to be 'kind of in a dilemma', though not so much since five police officers in Benares have to be suspended due to 'horrific reports about violence used against young female volunteers'. The oppression, the British police regime and bombings make the imprisoned Gandhi start a fast to death.
The British bomb a village in the Bajadur Valley in March 1932 and arrest Abdul Ghaffar Khan and more than 4,000 of his Red Shirts. The British bombardments in the border area continue up till 1936-1937 because, “India is a training field for active military training which can be found nowhere else in the Empire", thus concludes a British court already in 1933.
The case emerged publicly because that same year there was "disagreement between the Indian Government and the British War Office and the Air force Ministry about some defence expenses, and a tribunal was set to reach a settlement between the parties". The British tribunal seems to have 'forgotten' similar Royal Air force bases in Iraq.
The British bombardments in the border area between India and Afghanistan get consequences in international politics since the participants in the disarmament conference would not allow a British reservation in a proposed treaty on prohibition against air raids. This meant that the treaty was never signed.
Abdul Ghaffar Khan is jailed several times on account of non-violence and protests against the violent oppression administered by the British. For instance he is sentenced a two-year jail term in 1934 for mentioning the British Military's gunning down of 200 protesters; he is demanded released in connection with negotiations on the Indian constitution reform, the Government of India Act 1936.
Often there was much political and religious disagreement which resulted in direct violence between Hindus and Muslims in the periods between wars. The Muslims in India had their own party, the Muslim League; however, there were many Muslims in the Indian National Congress, too. Radical Hindus tried to get the Muslims to leave the Congress Party, however, both Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Mohandas Gandhi were trying to achieve political unity between the two religions - and the cement which kept the two very different religions on the road to Indian home rule, was, according to Gandhi, nonviolence.
The British colonialists administered the Divide-and-Rule tactics with great success in India. This is clearly seen, among others, in the Communal Award Act according to which Hindus and Muslims from 1932 onwards are to cast their votes separately.
In October 1938 the formation of a local division of the Congress Party in Hyadrabad is prohibited, and the authorities are trying to create a confrontation between Hindus and Muslims. Many thousand members of the Congress Party are arrested. In other Indian states the oppression and the need is so great that the inhabitants are fleeing to other states.
In 1942 Sir Stafford Cripps draws up a British proposal for the independence of India because the British are seeking Indian support in World War 2. At the end of the War they (the British) would accept a constitution drawn up by the Indian People, which in reality would mean independence for India.
After World War 2 the National Congress wants a united India whereas the Muslims from 1940 demand a separation of the country in an independent Pakistan and an independent Hindustan, which happens in 1947. While the Indian National Congress in 1940 discussed its feelings about World War 2, Ghaffar Khan stepped back from the Party's Working Committee with the following salute:
»Some recent resolutions of the working Committee indicate that they are restricting the use of non-violence to the fight for India's freedom against constituted authority.... I should like to make it clear that the non-violence I have believed in and preached to my brethren of the Khudai-Khidmatgars is much wider. It affects all our life, and only that has permanent value... The Khudai-Khidmatgars must, therefore, be what our name implies, servants of God and humanity by laying down our own lives and never taking any life.«
Abdul Ghaffar Khan is jailed 1942-1945. The partition of India into two states creates great problems in the northwestern border area.
War breaks out between India and Pakistan over Kashmir in 1947.
Mohandas Gandhi is killed in 1948 during an attempt to make peace between Pakistan and India
Pakistan systematically oppresses and destroys the Khudai Khitmatgar because the movement has too great a political influence and because it wanted an autonomous Republic. In July 1957 Khan founds the National Awami Party.
Ghaffar Khan spends altogether 52 years in prison in India and Pakistan. In 1962 Abdul Ghaffar Khan is awarded "Amnesty International s Prisoner of the Year ". In 1964 Khan becomes a Political Refugee in Afghanistan for six years, and during this time he is not a role model for the CIA.
Abdul Khan published the magazine "Pashto Magazine" in Pakhtoon.
Translated by Britt Bartenbach.

Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, the Gandhi of Turkey

Zeki Saritoprak, John Carroll University
Zeki Saritoprak. "Bediuzzaman Said Nursi" The Islamic world. Ed. Andrew Rippin. London, New York: Routledge, 2008. 403-408.
Also:  “Bediuzzaman Said Nursi’s Paradigm of Islamic Nonviolence.”  Crescent and Dove, ed. Qamar-ul Huda. USIP, 2010.   In the early half of the twentieth century, Nursi “paid dearly for his commitment to nonviolent action and for his teachings of loving all and hating none; the authorities imprisoned and tortured him regularly.  Yet his nonviolent teachings live on….”  --Dick.
The Author of the Risale-i Nur
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi
This, the first full-length biography of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi to appear in English, answers in satisfying fashion a need so far unmet. Drawing largely on Bediuzzaman's own works and the accounts of those who either knew or met him, it describes the life, works, and struggle in the cause of Islam of this one the most important thinkers and servants of the Qur'an to emerge in the Islamic world this century. Also giving outlines of historical events, the work sets Bediuzzaman's ideas and activities in an historical context. It describes the enterprising and scholarly endeavours of Bediuzzaman's youth in the cause of the Ottoman Empire, particularly in the areas of education, constitutionalism, and Islamic Unity. And in the Second Part, traces both Bediuzzaman's silent struggle through his collection of written works, the Qur'anic commentary known as the Risale-i Nur, against the irreligion that was officially propagated in the first decades of the Turkish Republic, and the growth of the Risale-i Nur movement. This scrupulous biography, which considers all these subjects in detail, will contribute significantly to making better known to readers of English this major figure of modern Islam, and the movement he founded for the renewal of belief .

PART ONE - The Old Said
Chapter One - Childhood and Youth
Chapter Two - Istanbul before Freedom
Chapter Three - Freedom and Constitutionalism
Chapter Four - Bediuzzaman and the Thirty-First of March Incident
Chapter Five - "The Future shall be Islam's, and Islam's alone"
Chapter Six - Service in Balkans, and in the 'Special Organization'
Chapter Seven - War and Captivity
Chapter Eight - Return and Appointment to the Daru'l-Hikmeti'l-Islamiye
Chapter Nine - Supremacy of the Qur'an and Birth of the New Said
Chapter Ten - Opposition to the British and Move to Ankara

PART TWO - The New Said 
Chapter One - Van
Chapter Two - Barla
Chapter Three - Eskisehir
Chapter Four - Kastamonu
Chapter Five - Denizli
Chapter Six - Emirdag
Chapter Seven - Afyon

PART THREE - The Third Said

Thursday, March 28, 2013
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Islamic scholar Gülen's poems turned into songs for international albumArtists from twelve different countries composed music for poems written by Turkish Islamic scholar Fethullah Gülen, who is known for his global message of peace and inter-faith tolerance, for an album titled “Colors of Peace-Rise Up” to promote peace and tolerance.
International Symposium on Peacebuilding and Hizmet/Gülen Movement
Fethullah Gülen Trial: The Gülen Legal Journey


The test
Life is a chain of tests, ensuing one after another. It is a human condition we experience from childhood until the moment we breathe our last. For the discerning souls, each of these minor tests is an elimination to determine the souls that make it to the finals; a matter to be determined within the human conscience and in the eyes of heavenly spirits. We...
The Heart

What generations expect from education
Love for truth
·                                 The test
·                                 The Heart
·                                 What generations expect from education
·                                 Love for truth


·                                 When and where was Fethullah Gülen born?
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·                                 How did he impart his understanding of the service ethic to the wider public?
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Refusing to be Enemies

Refusing to be Enemies: Palestinian and Israeli Nonviolent  Resistance to the Israeli Occupation is an interview-based study that presents the voices of over 100 practitioners and theorists of nonviolence, the vast majority either Palestinian or Israeli, as they reflect on their own involvement in nonviolent resistance and speak about the nonviolent strategies and tactics employed by Palestinian and Israeli organizations, both separately and in joint initiatives.  In their own words, these activists share examples of effective nonviolent campaigns and discuss obstacles encountered in their pursuit of a just peace, as well as the changes required for their organizationsand the nonviolent movement as a wholeto more successfully pursue this goal.  Attention is also devoted to the special challenges of joint struggle and to hopes and visions for a shared future in the region.
Author and contributors are:
Maxine Kaufman-Lacusta (author), a Quaker Jew, lived in Jerusalem for seven years and has written widely on Palestinian and Israeli nonviolent activism and related topics. 
Ursula Franklin (Foreword) is a Canadian Quaker thinker and writer, pacifist, feminist, social activist, and research scientist—a long-time member of the Canadian Voice of Women for Peace (VOW)—best known for her extensive writings on the political and social effects of technology.
Ghassan Andoni (editorial partner and essay contributor) is a cofounder of the Palestinian Center for Rapprochement and the International Solidarity Movement (ISM).
Jeff Halper (editorial partner and essay contributor) is an anthropologist, author, lecturer, political activist, and co-founder and Coordinator of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD).
Starhawk (essay contributor) is a Jewish-American peace, justice, and environmental activist and author, with broad experience in nonviolent activism, including in Palestine.
Jonathan Kuttab (essay contributor) is a pacifist Palestinian lawyer, writer, human rights advocate, and co-author of The West Bank and the Rule of Law.
For more information and several reviews, please go to the publisher’s website and check out the Reviews page of this blog.
See rev. by Anthony Bing in Peace and Change  (January 2013).
Contents of #5
The People’s Charter
Nonviolence Organizations
   Nevada Desert
   War Resisters League
Reviews of Books
   Ram and Summy

Contents of #6 
New Book:   York and Barringer, essays on Christian Nonviolence and Pacifism
Dick:  Noncooperation, One Method of Direct Action
Gene Sharp, There Are Alternatives (to violence and wars)(free book)
Nonviolence and Pacifism, Misc. Writings
Two Older Books on Nonviolence.
      Judson on Children
      McAllister on Women
Dick: OMNI’S TV “Book Sampler” 


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