OMNI UNITED NATIONS Universal Children's Day, 20 November, 2013. Compiled by Dick Bennett for a Culture of Peace.
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The United Nations' (UN) Universal Children's Day is an occasion to promote the welfare of children and an understanding between children all over the world. It is held on November 20 each year
Universal Children's Day 2014
The United Nations' (UN) Universal Children's Day, which was established in 1954, is celebrated on November 20 each year to promote international togetherness and awareness among children worldwide. UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Fund, promotes and coordinates this special day, which also works towards improving children's welfare.
What do people do?
Many schools and other educational institutions make a special effort to inform children of their rights according to the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Teachers stimulate their pupils to think about the differences between themselves and others and explain the idea of “rights”. In countries where the rights of children are generally well-respected, teachers may draw attention to situations in countries where this is not the case.
In some areas UNICEF holds events to draw particular attention to children's rights. These may be to stimulate interest in the media around the world or to start nationwide campaigns, for instance on the importance of immunizations or breastfeeding.
Many countries, including
New Zealand and the ,
hold Universal Children's Day events on November 20 to mark the anniversaries
of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and
the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
However, other countries hold events on different dates, such as the fourth
Wednesday in October ( United Kingdom Australia)
and November 14 ( ).
Universal Children's Day is not observed
in the India ,
although a similar observance, National Child's Day, is held on the first
Sunday in June. [Why is this? Deliberate dismissal of UN, like Pres. Bush
appointing United States Bolton as our Ambassador to the
UN? concern for children stops at
our borders, is not universal? --Dick] US
Universal Children's Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.
On December 14, 1954, the UN General Assembly recommended that all countries should introduce an annual event from 1956 known as Universal Children's Day to encourage fraternity and understanding between children all over the world and promoting the welfare of children. It was recommended that individual countries should choose an appropriate date for this occasion.
At the time, the UN General Assembly recommended that all countries should establish a Children's Day on an “appropriate” date. Many of the countries respected this recommendation and the Universal Children's Day has since been annually observed on November 20. There are however, some countries, such as
which still chose various different dates during the year to celebrate this
On November 20, 1959, the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and on November 20, 1989, it adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Since 1990, Universal Children's Day also marks the anniversary of the date that the UN General Assembly adopted both the declaration and the convention on children's rights.
Universal Children's Day is part of the work carried out by UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Fund. UNICEF's logo consists of an image of a mother and child, a globe, olive branches and the word “UNICEF”. All parts of the logo are in UN's blue color, although it may be presented in white on a blue background.
[The mainstream media have reported almost exclusively
support to the Philippine people. But we
should all be aware that US
help is transmitted through the military—an aircraft carrier, the marines. Our nation is so militarized that our
national structures for responding to international catastrophes seem to have shriveled
up. Let’s watch how this develops and
how our response compares to that of other nations. –Dick] US
Help children affected by the disaster.
UNICEF makes the world better for kids.
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) works in more than 190 countries and territories to save and improve children's lives, providing health care and , , , , and more.
The U.S. Fund for UNICEF supports UNICEF's work through , and in the
. We're working toward
the day when ZERO children die from preventable causes and every child has a
safe and healthy childhood. United States
children this winter. Syria
Help end discrimination against children with disabilities.
See how a small gift can make a big difference.
· Who We Are
More than 500,000 American individuals and organizations united to make a better world for children.
Thousands of Americans who donate time to help save children's lives
Leaders in entertainment, from the worlds of film, music, sports and beyond
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Before Typhoon Haiyan hit Tacloban, UNICEF had stocked supplies of a critical emergency item inside the Philippine city — portable toilets. In the aftermath of a natural disaster, toilets are true lifesaver. Today, World Toilet Day, is a good time to focus on that fact. When homes are destroyed and sanitation systems collapse, sewage and […]
Kent Page, Senior Advisor of Strategic Communications for UNICEF Philippines, has been on the ground in Tacloban following the devastation from Typhoon Haiyan. It’s great to be part of the UNICEF immediate response team that were rushed into the
after the devastation of
super typhoon Haiyan. We are a group of emergency professionals specializing
Anna Butler, a U.S. Fund for UNICEF intern, participated in a forum and candlelight vigil on Nov. 13 in
in honor of those affected by Typhoon Haiyan. Woodside, a neighborhood in
Queens, has a significant Filipino immigrant population, and Woodside, N.Y. reports that she was moved by the
strength and support of the community. […] Butler
Corporate partners offer "gifts that give back" this holiday season
Montblanc’s “Signature for Good” collection benefits UNICEF's education programs
Fairy tale-themed characters join IKEA’s “Soft Toy for Education” Campaign
© 2013 United States Fund for UNICEF. All rights reserved.
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DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
Adopted by UN General Assembly Resolution 1386 (XIV) of 10 December 1959
WHEREAS the peoples of the United Nations have, in the Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
WHEREAS the United Nations has, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status,
WHEREAS the child, by reason of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and care, including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth,
WHEREAS the need for such special safeguards has been stated in the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child of 1924, and recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the statutes of specialized agencies and international organizations concerned with the welfare of children,
WHEREAS mankind owes to the child the best it has to give,
Now, therefore, Proclaims
THIS DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD to the end that he may have a happy childhood and enjoy for his own good and for the good of society the rights and freedoms herein set forth, and calls upon parents, upon men and women as individuals, and upon voluntary organizations, local authorities and national Governments to recognize these rights and strive for their observance by legislative and other measures progressively taken in accordance with the following principles:
The child shall enjoy all the rights set forth in this Declaration. Every child, without any exception whatsoever, shall be entitled to these rights, without distinction or discrimination on account of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, whether of himself or of his family.
The child shall enjoy special protection, and shall be given opportunities and facilities, by law and by other means, to enable him to develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a healthy and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity. In the enactment of laws for this purpose, the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration.
The child shall be entitled from his birth to a name and a nationality.
The child shall enjoy the benefits of social security. He shall be entitled to grow and develop in health; to this end, special care and protection shall be provided both to him and to his mother, including adequate pre-natal and post-natal care. The child shall have the right to adequate nutrition, housing, recreation and medical services.
The child who is physically, mentally or socially handicapped shall be given the special treatment, education and care required by his particular condition.
The child, for the full and harmonious development of his personality, needs love and understanding. He shall, wherever possible, grow up in the care and under the responsibility of his parents, and, in any case, in an atmosphere of affection and of moral and material security; a child of tender years shall not, save in exceptional circumstances, be separated from his mother. Society and the public authorities shall have the duty to extend particular care to children without a family and to those without adequate means of support. Payment of State and other assistance towards the maintenance of children of large families is desirable.
The child is entitled to receive education, which shall be free and compulsory, at least in the elementary stages. He shall be given an education which will promote his general culture and enable him, on a basis of equal opportunity, to develop his abilities, his individual judgement, and his sense of moral and social responsibility, and to become a useful member of society.
The best interests of the child shall be the guiding principle of those responsible for his education and guidance; that responsibility lies in the first place with his parents.
The child shall have full opportunity for play and recreation, which should be directed to the same purposes as education; society and the public authorities shall endeavour to promote the enjoyment of this right.
The child shall in all circumstances be among the first to receive protection and relief.
The child shall be protected against all forms of neglect, cruelty and exploitation. He shall not be the subject of traffic, in any form.
The child shall not be admitted to employment before an appropriate minimum age; he shall in no case be caused or permitted to engage in any occupation or employment which would prejudice his health or education, or interfere with his physical, mental or moral development.
The child shall be protected from practices which may foster racial, religious and any other form of discrimination. He shall be brought up in a spirit of understanding, tolerance, friendship among peoples, peace and universal brotherhood, and in full consciousness that his energy and talents should be devoted to the service of his fellow men.
CHILDREN VICTIMS OF GENOCIDE: A FATHER’S COMPASSION
THIS IS WHAT KEEPS ME FOCUSED WHEN DARKNESS OVERTAKES ME
To Patrick Murinzi Minega and all other
children victimized by genocide, war, and violence.
Invariably, most serious scholars of genocide studies are ultimately asked: How can you do this work? What keeps you going in light of the darkness? The horror?
Many have also asked me: what prompts you to go to such places as the
Mountains when the area continues to
be bombed on a daily basis or to such all but God forsaken places as Goz Beida,
along the Chad/Darfur,
My answer is staring at you in the face: the above photo of a little guy (Patrick) wish I could say I had met on one of the thousands of hills in
It's also why I firmly believe that perhaps the most important aspect of my life as far as genocide studies is concerned, and as far as being a human being is concerned, is my co-founding The Post Genocide Education Fund with Rafiki Ubaldo, a survivor of the Rwandan genocide. As many of you know, PGEF provides full scholarships and living expenses to young survivors of genocide across the globe who wish to earn a university diploma. (Thus far, we've sponsored students from
Rwanda; Darfur, Sudan; and the Nuba
Mountains, .) My point is: it is my one
way to break out of the darkness and gain some sense that I am actually helping
people in desperate need, instead of solely writing about the horrors faced by
innocents either in the aftermath of genocide or during the actual perpetration
of crimes against humanity/genocide. Sudan
In closing, I wish to share an excerpt from the introduction of my new and forthcoming edited book, The Plight and Fate of Children During and Following Genocide, in which I speak about gazing at Patrick's countenance for the first time:
Generally, when I make my way through museums dealing with
genocide I fi nd myself feeling sad and angry but I forge on and make my
way through the exhibits. Th is, I have done, time and again, beginning
back in 1978 when I fi rst visited Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs’
and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority in
Jerusalem, the Holocaust US
genocide located in the basement of a church in Deir et Zor (
) in Syria
2005. But then, in 2006, as I made my way through the museum at the
Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre in
I entered the “Children’s Rwanda
Wing,” and within ten minutes my heart was shattered. I had only managed
to view a tenth of the photographs and accompanying information
in the room, but I simply could not go on. I literally wanted to scream
and fl ay away at a world that would allow such horrifi c injustice and
atrocities to be perpetrated.
I shall never forget the last photo and captions that ripped my heart
apart. It was the sweetest picture of a young man, Patrick, seven years
of age, I’ve ever seen. His smile and bright sparkling eyes exuded joy.
Th en, I read the captions:
Name: Patrick Murinzi Minega
Favorite Sport: Swimming
Favorite Sweets: Chocolate
Favorite Person: His Mum
Cause of Death: Bludgeoned with Club
Over the years (during which I served as a Fulbright Scholar at the
Centre for Confl ict Management at the National University of Rwanda,
and on subsequent research trips when Rafi ki Ubaldo, a survivor of the
1994 genocide, and I conducted interviews for our book, We Cannot
Forget: Interviews with Survivors of the 1994 Genocide in
I returned to the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre several times
in order to try to view all of the photographs and captions in the
“Children’s Wing.” Each and every time I’d only get so far before I was
overwhelmed with sorrow, and, yet again, would depart without having
viewed the entire exhibit. To this day I’ve not viewed the entire
Th e killing of infants, preschoolers, school-age children, and preadolescents
should be beyond the pale. Unfortunately, and sadly, it is
not—at least not for those who are apt to committing crimes against
humanity and genocide. And it’s not just killing that the latter engage
in, but also the torture and butchery of babies and young children.
When perpetrators kill infants and children there is often a sadistic
tone and tenor to their actions. Th ey seem to enjoy exhibiting their
perverted power over the victim population. Th ey seem to enjoy crushing
the spirits of those parents and siblings who are forced to watch
their children and babies and young brothers and sisters, respectively,
be brutalized in the most horrifi c ways possible.
THIS, THEN, IS WHY I AM FIERCELY DEDICATED TO SEEING CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY AND GENOCIDE STOPPED IN THEIR DEADLY TRACKS, AND IT IS WHAT DRIVES ME TO DO WHAT I DO.
Am heading back to the
right after the new year. Current reports are that Nuba civilians are desperately
trying to make their way out of Nuba Mountains Sudan
to South Sudan in search of food and many are
literally dropping and dying each and every day. Last week a colleague I am
working with to insert food into the region reported that he witnessed --
IN A SINGLE DAY -- 20 individuals (mainly elderly men
and woman and infants and young children) who had keeled over and perished
along the way. That is obscene. Unconscionable. And it's way I've been
haranguing Members of Congress, The White House and the United States Holocaust
Memorial Museum, among others, to yank off their purposely placed blinders and
OPEN THEIR EYES to the reality of the world we all live in and do something to
try to ameliorate the horrors -- NOW, not next week, not next month, not next year.
Each day that goes by another human
being, like you and I, like your children and grandchildren, will perish in
that desert wondering why no one but no one has reached out to them as those
with the means would surely wish others would do for them should they find
themselves in such dire straits.
Sorry for the soapboxing. That was not my intent!
Thank you for listening. Thank you for what you do to try to make the world a better place.
A MOTHER’S COMPASSION
Children and War By Cindy Sheehan
June 13 2011 "Information Clearing House" -- Recently, I was listening to KGO radio and in case you don’t know, KGO is the ABC affiliate super-station here in San Francisco that can be heard by millions of people with it’s mega-wattage transmitter.
Gene Burns happened to be the host at that time. The night that I was listening, Mr. Burns was wondering why the U.S. is bombing Libya, but not Syria, because Syria is, “torturing and killing children,” and Mr. Burns didn’t know how the people of the world could stand by and watch this happen.
I wish I could have gotten through on the call-in line because I would have asked Mr. Burns how he feels about the
It is my suspicion that even the most hardcore war supporter knows that women and children are the ones that suffer the most from war—but as War Madam, Madeline Albright notoriously said in an interview with Lesley Stahl of CBS: the slaughter of over 500,000 Iraqi children during the sanctions period during the Clinton regime was “worth it.” Monsters don’t always have to have long claws, bloody fangs, or inhabit our nightmares—they can look like somebody’s Grammy—and that’s what I call a waking terror.
As a mother of a victim of US Imperialism, my well of empathy is bottomless, but I am not like Gene Burns—I don’t think we should just be upset when “rogue” regimes kill or torture children—because the
Because of the definition of “collateral damage” (“We don’t do body counts,” General Tommy Franks), it is hard to pin down the exact number of children that have been killed by the US’s War OF Terror since 2001—in fact, it’s almost impossible, but a safe guesstimate is hundreds of thousands. However, one was exactly one too many.
What I can do for you is tell you some statistics on how children are treated here in the
delegation contact information Arkansas
Sen. John Boozman
Republican, first term
320 Hart Senate Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20510
Phone: (202) 224-4843
Fax: (202) 228-1371
FORT SMITH: (479) 573-0189
JONESBORO: (870) 268-6925
LITTLE ROCK: (501) 372-7153
LOWELL: (479) 725-0400
MOUNTAIN HOME: (870) 424-0129
STUTTGART: (870) 672-6941
EL DORADO: (870) 863-4641
Sen. Mark Pryor
Democrat, second term
255 Dirksen Office Building
Constitution Avenue and
First Street NE
Washington, D.C. 20510
Phone: (202) 224-2353
Fax: (202) 228-0908
Little Rock office: (501) 324-6336
Rep. Rick Crawford
Republican, second term
Independence Avenues SE
Washington, D.C. 20515
Phone: (202) 225-4076
Fax: (202) 225-5602
CABOT: (501) 843-3043
MOUNTAIN HOME: (870) 424-2075
Rep. Tim Griffin
Republican, second term
Independence Avenues SE
Washington, D.C. 20515
Phone: (202) 225-2506
Fax: (202) 225-5903
LITTLE ROCK: (501) 324-5491
Rep. Steve Womack
Republican, second term
1119 Longworth Office Building
New Jersey and
Independence Avenues SE
Phone: (202) 225-4301
Fax: (202) 225-5713
ROGERS: (479) 464-0446
HARRISON: (870) 741-7741
FORT SMITH: (479) 424-1146
Rep. Tom Cotton
Republican, first term
Phone: (202) 225-43772
HOT SPRINGS: (501) 520-5892
PINE BLUFF: (870) 536-3376
END UN UNIVERSAL CHILDREN’S DAY 2013